What Is The Most Accurate Test For Lyme Disease
Lyme disease is more common than many people think. Figures from the Center for Disease Control suggest that roughly 300,000 Lyme disease cases occur every year in the US.
The numbers are alarming, but it gets worse as finding accurate diagnostic tests can be challenging. Although the disease is treatable, it is nearly impossible to tackle it effectively if it is not diagnosed accurately and early enough.
Late detection can lead to severe health problems such as arthritis, heart blockage, and inability to concentrate, among other problems.
Given the prevalence and seeming elusiveness of the disease, some of the logical questions concerned persons would ask are: what is the most accurate test for Lyme disease? And when should I get checked for Lyme disease? This article will proffer answers to these and many other related questions. But first, a little background would be in order.
Cvs Opens 13 Additional Covid
CVS is opening 13 additional COVID-19 drive-thru test sites across the state on Friday. One is at the CVS Pharmacy in East Lyme. Photo courtesy of CVS.
HARTFORD CVS opened 13 new COVID-19 test sites Friday at select CVS Pharmacy drive-thru locations in Connecticut. One of the test sites is in East Lyme at the CVS Pharmacy at 15 Chesterfield Road. These test sites come in addition to the 12 locations the company previously opened in the state on May 15, making a total of 25 sites across the state.
These new sites will utilize self-swab tests and will be available to individuals meeting Centers for Disease Control and Prevention criteria, in addition to age guidelines.
Patients must register in advance at CVS.com to schedule an appointment. Upon arriving for their appointment, patients must stay in their cars and will be directed to the pharmacy drive-thru window, where they will be provided with a test kit and given instructions.
A CVS Pharmacy team member will observe the self-swab process to ensure it is done properly. Tests will be sent to an independent, third-party lab for processing and the results will be available in approximately three days.
The other 12 new CVS Health test sites in Connecticut that will open tomorrow include:
The 12 previously announced CVS Health test sites that opened May 15 include:
For additional information from CVS Health, visit www.cvs.com/minuteclinic/
Bottom Line: Experts Say At
I would be a bit hesitant and a bit skeptical about using them, Dr. Dattwyler says. Home tests may not be covered by your insurance company if you have insurance, but it is typically an accepted health care expense if you have a flexible spending account or a health savings account . These tests can run anywhere between about $90 to $120, according to various at-home test company websites. So initially, this may cost less than getting tested through a medical provider if you dont have insurance or if your insurance doesnt cover Lyme disease testing.
But its not that simple. Again: Testing for Lyme disease is far from perfect even when its done in a qualified lab and analyzed by an expert. Add on the margin for user erroryoud need to collect a perfect blood sample during the ideal post-infection window and it would need to make it to its destination intactand youve got a recipe for misleading results.
Plus, even if you do test positive for Lyme disease using an at-home kit, you still need to see a doctor. Chances are, your physician wont accept an at-home test in place of a standard laboratory test, so they would likely recommend going through the official process anyway. They will also need to do a thorough assessment of your overall health because diagnosing Lyme relies on more information than a lab test alone, Dr. Dattwyler says.
Also Check: Lyme Disease Skin Rash Pictures
Investigation Of Suspected Lyme Disease
Erythema migrans is a clinical diagnosis and does not require confirmation by laboratory testing. Lyme disease is not a notifiable disease so there is no statutory requirement to notify clinically suspected cases to the local Health Protection Team.
The 2018 NICE Lyme disease guideline provides detailed advice about when a diagnosis of Lyme disease should be suspected and about which tests to use and when.
The NICE Lyme disease guideline also contains a useful summary diagram of the routine serological testing recommendations for Lyme disease.
When To Speak With A Doctor
Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial to help prevent late Lyme disease and its symptoms, including chronic Lyme arthritis and Lyme carditis.
A person should consult with a doctor if they have a tick bite or believe a tick has bitten them after visiting tick-prone regions.
They should also seek medical help if they experience any signs and symptoms of Lyme disease. These
The following are commonly asked questions about Lyme disease tests.
Also Check: Could I Have Lyme Disease
How Do You Test For Lyme Disease With An At
Hereâs how to check for Lyme disease with the Everlywell test.
To take our at-home Lyme Disease Test, collect a small sample of blood with a simple finger prick. Youâll then send the sample to a lab for analysis , and youâll be able to view your results on our secure, online platform.
Consider taking this Lyme test if:
- You have traveled to areas infested with ticks that can transmit Lyme bacteria , found ticks on your body, and are now experiencing symptoms of Lyme disease.
- If you believe you have been exposed to a tick and are experiencing symptoms , taking this antibody test can help assess for Lyme disease. If you have been tested previously, but are now having new symptoms, this Lyme disease test kit can also help.
Best For Dna Test: Selfdecode
Tests for chronic conditions related to Lyme disease like PTLDS
Results in 6-8 weeks
SelfDecode searches for more than Lyme disease. When you take an at-home test through this company, you’ll receive an entire mock-up of your DNA. You will know if you ever had Lyme disease in the past, as well as if you are susceptible to PTLDS, a chronic condition triggered by Lyme Disease.
The test involves taking a simple cheek swab, after which the test is mailed back to the company’s lab. After six to eight weeks, you will receive your results via email, and you will be contacted by a medical professional to see what the next steps are.
This is a subscription service that costs just under roughly $100 a year, so you will be able to check yourself for Lyme disease regularly when the test is shipped out. This service is great for those who enjoy the outdoors and are exposed to ticks a lot.
SelfDecode’s test is not covered by insurance, but most primary care physicians will accept these results.
You May Like: What Are The Effects Of Lyme Disease
Sore Throat Treatment At Minuteclinic In New York Ny
A sore throat can be very uncomfortable. Get relief from your sore throat with a quick trip to the MinuteClinic at 298 Mulberry Street. A sore throat is normally one of the first indicators of a cold. This will usually go away on its own. If not, you may have strep throat. While viruses, allergies, or irritants cause most sore throats, streptococcus bacteria causes strep throat. This is contagious and requires antibiotic treatment. Dont worry about what all this is going to cost compared to urgent care, were a great choice for your budget, as you can save 40% or more at MinuteClinic. Come in today and our providers will assess your symptoms and refer you to get a strep throat test if needed.
Best For Lower Budgets: Cutter Lyme Disease Tick Test
The Cutter Lyme Disease Tick Test is a DNA tick test that checks whether the tick carries a Lyme disease pathogen.
The test requires a person to take one to several ticks from the same host and place them in the specimen bag. They then mail them to the lab using the pre-addressed mailing label.
Individuals can expect to receive their results through email, phone, or mail within 3 business days. The available screenings feature basic, advanced, and comprehensive test panels that check multiple pathogens.
Pros and cons
This table lists the tests advantages and disadvantages based on customer reviews:
CDC , people should perform two tests for Lyme disease, and they can use the same blood sample.
If they receive a negative result, they do not need to perform another test. However, if their first test is positive or indeterminate, it is best to test again.
The CDC states the overall result is only positive for Lyme disease when the first and second tests produce a positive result.
Tests detect IgM and IgG antibodies that the body produces in response to an infection. The IgM antibodies appear early in response to the exposure, while the IgG antibodies appear 46 weeks after the infection and can persist for years.
However, individuals may develop antibodies several weeks after exposure. Therefore, those who test before the antibodies develop can get a false-negative result.
False positives can occur if a person has other conditions, including
Don’t Miss: Monastery Of Herbs Lyme Disease
Lyme Igg/igm Antibody Serology
The IgG/IgM Antibody Serology test is an ELISA , which indicates the presence of both IgG and IgM antibodies to B. burgdorferi. IgM antibodies are present shortly after infection takes place. IgG antibodies often persist long after symptoms have disappeared. The presence of either IgG/IgM antibodies indicates exposure to Lyme-causing Borrelia, not the active disease. A positive or equivocal test must be confirmed by both IgG and IgM ImmunoBlots Blots.
Lyme Disease Test Kit
Suitable for use on humans and animals, our Lyme Disease Test Kit is a unique kit to test ticks for the presence of the Borellia bacteria associated with Lyme Disease. Results are provided within a maximum of four working days from receipt of the tick as an independent laboratory report, which can be shown to a medical or veterinary practitioner. Rapid, early treatment of Lyme disease is crucial to avoid the development of chronic, long term symptoms, however current medical testing is limited in early stage infections. Our kit is an invaluable aid in successful, rapid diagnosis. Payment for the kit is a two stage process:
- Purchase the kit. The kit contains tick removers, test tube, all return packaging and full instructions.
- Payment of the testing fee. This payment should only be made when you have found a tick and wish to send it for testing. It is recommended that payment is made immediately prior to the dispatch of the tick.
The kit is available for sale through any of our stockists or from our webshop. The testing fee must be paid via our webshop, please click here to access the payment page.
For copies of our instruction leaflet and a sample laboratory test certificate, please e mail .
To download the artwork for our Lyme Disease / Tick Awareness card, please click here.
Full instructions are supplied with each kit and should be referred to when using the product. Summary instructions are below for general guidance.
Don’t Miss: Best Treatment For Lyme Disease
Key Points To Remember
- Most Lyme disease tests are designed to detect antibodies made by the body in response to infection.
- Antibodies can take several weeks to develop, so patients may test negative if infected only recently.
- Antibodies normally persist in the blood for months or even years after the infection is gone therefore, the test cannot be used to determine cure.
- Infection with other diseases, including some tickborne diseases, or some viral, bacterial, or autoimmune diseases, can result in false positive test results.
- Some tests give results for two types of antibody, IgM and IgG. Positive IgM results should be disregarded if the patient has been ill for more than 30 days.
X Lyme Disease Blood Test Lyme Borreliosi
Lyme disease is transmitted to humans by the bite of infected ticks. Usually, the tick must be attached for 36 to 48 hours before the bacteria can spread.
- The Lyme IgG/IgM Rapid Test Cassette is a qualitative test kit.
- Detects IgG and IgM antibodies to Borrelia in whole blood, serum or plasma specimens.
- This test consists of two components, an IgG component and an IgM component.
- GP Medical Professional Testing Kits
- CE Marked for Professional Use
As of the rules on VAT for EU sales will be changing. For orders less than £135 we will display the total price inclusive of the VAT rate. For orders above this amount, you will not be charged VAT and you will be required to pay this when your goods arrive in your country. Read more on the new rules here.
Recommended Reading: Gold Standard Test For Lyme Disease
What Is Lyme Disease
Lyme disease is a bacterial infection that is caused by tick bites. It causes rash and, if left untreated, can lead to more serious problems.
B. burgdorferi is carried by the black-legged tick, also known as deer tick, although not all species of ticks carry these bacteria. Nymphs, which are small immature ticks roughly the size of a pinhead, pick up bacteria when they feed on small B. burgdorferiinfected animals such as mice. They can then transmit Lyme disease when they bite humans.
The Igenex Lyme Immunoblot Solves These Problems
IGeneX has developed a serological test that increases specificity without sacrificing sensitivity that has changed how to test for Lyme disease. It uses specifically created recombinant proteins from multiple species and strains of Lyme borreliae and reduces inconsistencies in reading and interpreting the test bands.
More species detected The Lyme ImmunoBlot tests for more species of Lyme borreliae than the traditional ELISA and Western blot tests, reducing the risks of false negatives due to the inability to detect antibodies to a certain strain or species of Lb. The test includes all Borrelia-specific antigens relevant in North America and Europe, not just B. burgdorferi B31 or 297.
The result is a single test that replaces at least 8 Western blots.
More accurate testing The ImmunoBlot uses specific recombinant proteins that are sprayed in precise amounts onto specific locations on the membrane strip, allowing for greater control of the quantity and location of the antigens. This makes reading the bands much more accurate and consistent.
Earlier detection The ImmunoBlot can detect infections at multiple stages of illness, letting you catch infections earlier.
The IgM and IgG ImmunoBlots superior specificity and sensitivity make them the best Lyme disease test available.
Don’t Miss: Lyme Disease And Liver Damage
Interpret Laboratory Results Based On Pretest Probability
The usefulness of a laboratory test depends on the individual patients pretest probability of infection, which in turn depends on the patients epidemiologic risk of exposure and clinical features of Lyme disease. Patients with a high pretest probabilityeg, a history of a tick bite followed by the classic erythema migrans rashdo not need testing and can start antimicrobial therapy right away.
The Elisa And Western Blot Are Not Sensitive Enough
Another major limiting factor of the traditional ELISA and Western blot is the quality. These tests tend to use lysed BB cultures, and therefore, depending on the culture conditions, some antigens are over-expressed, and some are under-expressed. This, in turn, can affect the ability to detect antibodies from patients blood.
Whats more, if a patient tests too early after a tick bite, his or her body may not have produced enough antibodies to show up on a test with suboptimal sensitivity.
You May Like: Where Did Lyme Disease Come From
Symptoms Of Lyme Disease
A circular or oval shape rash around a tick bite can be an early symptom of Lyme disease in some people.
The rash can appear up to 3 months after being bitten by an infected tick, but usually appears within 1 to 4 weeks. It can last for several weeks.
The rash can have a darker or lighter area in the centre and might gradually spread. Its not usually hot or itchy.
The rash may be flat, or slightly raised, and look pink, red, or purple when it appears on white skin. It can be harder to see the rash on brown and black skin and it may look like a bruise.
Some people also get flu-like symptoms a few days or weeks after they were bitten by an infected tick, such as:
- a high temperature, or feeling hot and shivery
- tiredness and loss of energy
Some people with Lyme disease develop more severe symptoms months or years later.
This is more likely if treatment is delayed.
These more severe symptoms may include:
- pain and swelling in joints
- nerve problems such as pain or numbness
- heart problems
Also Check: Lyme Disease In Dogs Treatment
Benefits And Downsides Of At
When considering at-home Lyme disease testing, itâs important to consider its distinct benefits and downsides.
Some of the primary benefits of at-home testing include:
- Testing on your schedule: With an at-home test, you can take the test at a time thatâs convenient for you and without the need to make an appointment or go to a medical office.
- Simple process: Most test kits are designed to streamline the process of preparing your test sample so that itâs quick and efficient.
- Fingerstick blood draw: For people who are uncomfortable with having their blood taken from their vein with a needle, a fingerstick blood draw may be preferable.
- Direct pricing: Although you will have to pay out-of-pocket, the total cost of an at-home test is usually transparent before making a purchase.
Some of the potential downsides of at-home Lyme disease testing include:
Don’t Miss: Grants For Lyme Disease Patients