Wednesday, September 21, 2022

What Happens If Lyme Disease Goes Untreated For Years

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Can Lyme Disease Go Away On Its Own

What Its Like to Live with LYME DISEASE | Bustle

Although the signs and symptoms associated with Lyme disease may clear after a few weeks, without the help of antibiotics, treatment with antibiotics is crucial to avoid any potential damage in the future.

Lyme disease occurs in stages, so in order to avoid it progressing into the later stages, correct treatment is a must.

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What You Need To Know About Lyme Disease

  • Lyme disease is an infection caused by the spiral-shaped bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi, which is most commonly transmitted by a tick bite.

  • There are over 300,000 estimated new cases of Lyme disease in the United States each year.

  • The symptoms of Lyme disease depend on the how long the infection has been present in the body. The first sign of Lyme disease is often an expanding round or oval red “bullseye” rash.

  • If left untreated, people may develop neurological symptoms and heart problems, and have an approximately 60 percent chance of developing Lyme arthritis.

What Happens When Lyme Disease Is Left Untreated

Lyme disease is a bacterial infection transmitted to human beings by the bite of infected ticks. The bacteria namely Borrelia burgdorferi and borrelia mayonii are carried by deer ticks. The bacterium enters your body through the bite it enters the skin and then grows in your blood. The common symptoms of the disease are rash, fever, chills, fatigue, headache and many others similar to flu. It is diagnosed by ELISA test and western blot test. It is managed with antibiotics and painkillers.

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How Do You Clean Your House Of Ticks

Heres how:

  • Vacuum clean the surfaces of your home including carpets, armchairs, door and window frames and any other corners which ticks may have escaped to.
  • Spray insecticide throughout your home.
  • Try a home remedy.
  • Invest in a specialised shampoo which can be purchased at the vet to bathe your pet.
  • What Increases Your Risk

    Lyme disease: Symptoms of a bite can be more severe than a ...

    The main risk factor for Lyme disease is exposure to ticks that are infected with Lyme disease bacteria. In areas where Lyme disease is widespread, such as the eastern and south-central areas of Canada, southern British Columbia, and northeastern United States, several factors may increase your risk, including:

    • Spending time outdoors during the warm months of the year when ticks are most active. This is usually between May and November, with peak activity in June and July.
    • Having indoor/outdoor pets. They can bring infected ticks into the house. Although dogs and cats can become infected with the Lyme disease bacteria, they cannot pass the illness to humans. But the infected ticks can drop off the animal and then bite and infect a person.
    • Having a stone fence or a bird feeder near your house. Stone fences often become homes for mice, and mice may feed on spilled seed from a bird feeder. Where there are mice, there are ticks.

    Remove ticks right away, as soon as you notice them. Your risk for getting Lyme disease increases the longer a tick is attached to your body. Ticks generally cannot transmit Lyme disease until they are attached for at least 36 hours.

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    How Long After A Tick Bite Do Lyme Symptoms Appear In Dogs

    symptomssymptoms can occurafteraftertick biteappearSymptoms of Lyme Disease in Dogs

  • Stiff walk with an arched back.
  • Sensitivity to touch.
  • Fever, lack of appetite, and depression.
  • Superficial lymph nodes close to the site of the infecting tick bite may be swollen.
  • Heart abnormalities are reported, but rare.
  • Nervous system complications
  • How To Remove A Tick

    A tick must remain attached to the skin for at least 36 hours to spread Lyme disease. The best way of preventing Lyme disease is to remove a tick as soon as possible.

    The blacklegged tick that spreads disease-causing bacteria resembles a tiny spider. Young ticks are around the size of a poppy seed, while adult ticks are around the size of a sesame seed. Ticks of all ages are reddish-brown.

    Below are some steps for tick removal.

    • Step 1: Use fine-tipped tweezers to gently grasp the tick near its head or mouth. Avoid squeezing the tick.
    • Step 2: Using the tweezers, pull the tick carefully and steadily away from the skin. Avoid yanking or twisting the tick, as this could cause its mouthparts to remain in the skin.
    • Step 3: After removing the tick, dispose of it by putting it in some alcohol or flushing it down the toilet.
    • Step 4: Apply antiseptic to the tick bite.

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    When To See A Doctor

    A person should see a doctor if they have recently received a tick bite. It is not possible to know whether a tick is carrying Lyme disease, and the symptoms may take weeks to appear.

    The earlier a person receives a diagnosis and treatment, the higher the likelihood of a quick and complete recovery.

    It is not always possible for a person to tell if a tick has bitten them. As such, people should also see a doctor if they experience any Lyme disease symptoms. A doctor will ask about the persons symptoms and duration and whether the person has spent time in tick-infested areas.

    Complications Of Untreated Lyme Disease

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    If unchecked, the Lyme disease infection can spread to other bodily systems, causing significant damage. Untreated, complications of this condition can be very severe:

    • Arthritis:Prolonged infection with Lyme disease leads to chronic joint inflammation and swelling, usually in the knees . These symptoms tend to arise within two years of infection, with periods of flare-ups and remissions. This arthritis is relatively difficult to manage, though antibiotics and steroids may be attempted.
    • Lyme carditis:If the bacteria reach the heart tissues, they can cause inflammation and lead to heart block. The electrical signals being sent between the upper and lower chambers of the heart are interrupted, impairing the coordination of the heartbeat. Though disruptive, this is rarely fatal.
    • Lyme neuroborreliosis:Inflammation of multiple nerves, including those in the spine and brain, is the chief characteristic of this condition. This can also affect the meningesthe layer of tissue surrounding the brain and spineleading to meningitis, among other conditions. Antibiotic therapy, if applied promptly, tends to be effective as a treatment.

    Even in cases where Lyme disease has progressed, antibiotic regimensespecially drugs like doxycyclineare generally successful in resolving problems.

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    Chronic Lyme Disease Symptom Severity

    In LDos chronic Lyme disease survey, over 75% of patients reported at least one symptom as severe or very severe and 63% reported two or more such symptoms. Find out more about LDo peer-reviewed published surveys. The chart below shows the severity of ten common chronic Lyme symptoms.

    The survey also found that patients with chronic Lyme disease have high disability and unemployment rates. Over 40% of patients with chronic Lyme disease reported that they currently are unable to work because of Lyme disease and 24% report that they have received disability at some point in their illness.

    Symptoms Of Lyme Disease

    Lyme disease causes a range of symptoms that change and intensify as the Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria, first introduced by the tick, spread to the rest of the body. Untreated cases can cause serious problems or lead to a fatal condition. Whats tricky, too, is that the onset of initial symptoms occurs anywhere from three to 30 days after exposure.

    Clinically, there are three stages of Lyme disease: early localized disease, early disseminated disease, and late disseminated disease. Early localized disease, the initial manifestation, is characterized by:

    • Bullseye rash and swelling,the most notorious symptom, occurs in 70% to 80% of cases. Clinically referred to as erythema migrans, its appearance variesit can be a different color or shapeespecially in people of color. It arises about a week after exposure to the bacteria.
    • Other symptoms of the first stage include fever, fatigue, headache, and joint pain. Very often, those with the conditionespecially if there is no rashfeel as if theyre experiencing the flu.

    Disseminated Lyme disease symptoms arise as the bacterial infection works its way to other bodily systems, organs, and structures. Typically a month or more after exposureand potentially chronicsymptoms have changed and include:

    In its late disseminated phase, the bacterial infection has begun affecting nerve and joint structures, causing significant complications. Chronic arthritis, continued swelling of the brain , and nerve damage can all result.

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    Can You Live With Lyme Disease And Not Know It

    One of the only reliable ways to know whether or not you have Lyme disease is through a lab test. This means that if symptoms go unnoticed, it is possible to live with the disease for weeks, months, or even years and not realize it. This is why its crucial to get tested if you suspect you could have contracted Lyme disease.

    LetsGetCheckeds at-home Lyme Disease Test can identify Borrelia antibodies in the blood, which can indicate the presence of Lyme disease . Online results will be available within 2-5 days and our dedicated clinical team will be available to help throughout the process to answer any questions you may have.

    You should consider taking the test if:

    • You are presenting with symptoms of Lyme disease
    • You live in a place that is rich in vegetation or a woodland area
    • You live in Northern America or Northern Europe
    • You go camping or hiking on a regular basis, particularly during the Summer or Autumn
    • You come into contact with larger woodland animals on a regular basis

    If you develop the erythema migrans rash, or if you experience any neurological symptoms, you should contact your doctor immediately.

    What Causes Lyme Disease

    Pin by Katricia Mirkwood on Health

    Lyme disease is caused by bacteria transmitted through the bite of the tiny black-legged, or deer, tick found in the Eastern and Central U.S., and the western black-legged tick in the Pacific West. The riskiest months for Lyme disease are May through September, when young ticks are likely to be biting.

    In humans, the bacteria may cause flu-like symptoms. If left untreated, it may attack many tissues — including the heart and nervous system — and trigger an immune response that can lead to Lyme arthritis.

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    What Should You Do If You Find A Tick

    • Don’t touch the tick with your bare hand.

    • Use a pair of tweezers to remove the tick. Grab the tick firmly by its mouth or head as close to your skin as possible.

    • Pull up slowly and steadily without twisting until it lets go. Don’t squeeze the tick, and don’t use petroleum jelly, solvents, knives, or a lit match to kill the tick.

    • Save the tick. Place it in a plastic container or bag so it can be tested for disease, if needed.

    • Wash the bite area well with soap and water and put an antiseptic lotion or cream on the site.

    How You Get Lyme Disease

    If a tick bites an animal carrying the bacteria that cause Lyme disease, the tick can become infected. The tick can then transfer the bacteria to a human by biting them.

    Ticks can be found in any areas with deep or overgrown plants where they have access to animals to feed on.

    They’re common in woodland and moorland areas, but can also be found in gardens or parks.

    Ticks don’t jump or fly. They climb on to your clothes or skin if you brush against something they’re on. They then bite into the skin and start to feed on your blood.

    Generally, you’re more likely to become infected if the tick is attached to your skin for more than 24 hours. Ticks are very small and their bites are not painful, so you may not realise you have one attached to your skin.

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    How Is Lyme Disease Treated

    Nearly all people with Lyme disease can be effectively treated with antibiotics, usually doxycycline or amoxicillin. The duration of treatment depends on the stage of infection. In general, the sooner such therapy is initiated following infection, the quicker and more complete the recovery.

    Pregnant women should be treated for Lyme disease as well. There is, however, no evidence that a fetus can be infected from its mother. Additionally, NO strong evidence exists to suggest miscarriages are more likely after Lyme.

    What Is The Prognosis Of Lyme Disease

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    Prognosis is excellent and most patients recover completely, especially if treated early with appropriate antibiotics. Sometimes a recurrent infection can occur with certain strains, but Lyme disease can be managed well with medication. Co-infection by other organisms transmitted by the same tick bite can occur.

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    Chronic Lyme: What Happens When Lyme Goes Untreated

    The Lyme community typically uses the term chronic Lyme disease to describe a range of physical, cognitive, and emotional symptoms that crop up after getting Lyme disease and persist for months to years after infection.

    The risk of chronic Lyme increases the longer a Lyme infection goes untreated or undertreated. In other words, patients are more likely to recover fully if their Lyme infection is detected and treated as early as possible after the discovery of a tick bite. This stage is usually marked by symptoms such as fevers, chills, muscle aches, and sometimes rashes.

    When left untreated or undertreated, however, Lyme disease can spread throughout the body and affect:

    • The central nervous system
    • Muscles and joints

    As Lymedisease.org points out, these symptoms can evolve, disappear, and reappear at different times.

    Video Answer: What Does Lyme Disease Do To Your Body

    A tick can transmit the disease once it has been attached to a dog for 24 to 48 hours.

    First named when a number of cases occurred in Lyme, Connecticut, in 1975, the disease can be hard to detect and can cause serious, ongoing health problems in both dogs and people.

    Many animals can have Lyme disease and show no signs. In dogs, the most common signs include fever, loss of appetite, painful or swollen joints, lameness that comes and goes, swollen lymph nodes, and lethargy. If Lyme disease is left untreated it can lead to damage in the kidneys, nervous system, and heart.

    In the past, it may have been difficult for dogs to survive Lyme disease due to the inability to diagnose the disease.

    Now, there are numerous tests for vets to use to determine whether or not your pooch has Lyme disease.

    These symptoms are caused by the Borrelia burgdorferi bacterium in the bite of an infected tick.

    Antibiotics generally provide relief from Lyme disease, but relapses can occur.

    Spot-on tick-control products can kill or repel ticks that carry Lyme disease, as can some tick collars.

    There is a Lyme disease vaccine for dogs, but it’s not always part of a dog’s routine vaccination protocol.

    Antibiotics generally provide relief from Lyme disease, but relapses can occur.

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    Should You Use Antibiotics

    Different antibiotics may be used to treat children and adults. The decision to take medicines for Lyme disease may be based on one or more of these factors:

    • You have symptoms of Lyme disease, especially the red, circular rash, and a history of exposure to ticks in geographic regions where Lyme disease is known to occur.
    • Blood tests show that you have antibodies to the Lyme disease bacteria in your blood, spinal fluid, or joint fluid.
    • You are pregnant or breastfeeding and are bitten by a tick.

    What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Lyme Disease By Stages

    Lyme disease symptoms: Bacterial infection treated ...

    There are three stages of Lyme disease, which are outlined below.

    Stage 1 Early Localized Disease

    • Occurs one to 30 days after a tick bite
    • characteristic skin rash of Lyme disease
    • migrating red rash with bullseye appearance occurring at or near the site of the tick bite
    • asymptomatic or itches orburns
    • develops around seven days after the tick bite
    • rash expands over a matter of days
    • an untreated rash may persist for two to three weeks
  • Approximately half of the early disease patients have flu-like symptoms, which may resolve spontaneously
  • Skin manifestations:
  • multiple erythema migrans lesions are present
  • borrelial lymphocytoma : bluish-red swelling that occurs on the lobe of the ear, scrotum, nose, and extremities.
  • Stage 3 Late Disease

    Stage 3 Lyme disease occurs months to years after the initial infection or a period of latency. Most patients presenting with the late disease do not have erythema migrans because the rash urges the patient to seek treatment earlier.

    Symptoms of Stage 3 Lyme Disease may include the following:

    • Skin manifestation:
    • Acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans: found almost exclusively in patients of European descent. It commonly affects older women with bluish-red discoloration on the back of the hands, feet, knees, and elbows.
  • typically involves one or a few large joints .
  • severe inflammation and joint pain
  • Nervous system abnormalities:
  • encephalomyelitis
  • neuropathy nerve paralysis
  • hemiparesis
  • ataxia
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    For women who have Lyme disease, the struggle can be especially difficult, given the complicated nature of the disease.

    “The problem with Lyme disease is that there are so many different strains,” said Dr. Andrea Gaito, a New Jersey-based rheumatologist who specializes in treating Lyme disease. “One person can have it and have headaches, someone else can have joint pain, someone else can have palpitations. And none of these are specific to Lyme. There’s no Lyme test that’s 100% accurate. Unless you have a tick in a baggie, literally, and a bulls-eye rash, there’s sometimes a delay in diagnosis.”

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