What Is Treatment For Lyme Disease In Dogs
If you suspect your dog may have contracted Lyme disease, it is important to remove the tick as soon as possible. Once this is done, you need to monitor your dogs behavior and keep an eye out for any possible symptoms of Lyme disease in dogs.
Treatment is not for Lyme disease itself, but for the Borrelia bacteria that could attack your dogs system. Depending on how severe the infection is will depend on the amount of treatment and the type of medication that may be prescribed.
What Are The Symptoms Of Hypothyroidism In Dogs
Low thyroid levels affect all your dogs organ systems. The symptoms of hypothyroidism can vary greatly from dog to dog, but are all mostly related to your dogs slowing metabolism.
Here are some of the more common symptoms:
- Changes in coat and skin, like increased shedding, hair thinning, and hair loss
- Thickening of the skin
- Reproductive disturbances in intact dogs
Some breeds do appear to be at greater risk of developing hypothyroidism than others. Medium-to-large-size breeds are more likely to develop the disease than toy and miniature breeds, and the Cocker Spaniel, Miniature Schnauzer, Dachshund, Doberman Pinscher, Golden Retriever, Airedale Terrier, and Irish Setter appear to be predisposed to developing the condition.
Possible Complications To Watch For With Lyme Disease
Talk to your veterinarian if you have any questions or concerns about your dogs condition.
- Some dogs who take antibiotics can develop loss of appetite, vomiting and diarrhea.
- Once infected, a dog will always have the bacteria that cause Lyme disease in his or her body. Therefore, relapses are possible, and owners should be on the lookout for unexplained fever, swollen lymph nodes, and/or lameness.
- A small percentage of dogs develop kidney failure as a result of Lyme disease. Clinical signs include vomiting, weight loss, poor appetite, lethargy, increased thirst and urination, and abnormal accumulations of fluid within the body.
Also Check: Best Rife Machine For Lyme
How Should You Monitor A Dog That Is Positive For Lyme Disease
Although routine treatment for asymptomatic dogs that are positive for Lyme is not routinely recommended, routine monitoring is recommended. A urinalysis with a urine protein quantification is recommended. Urine protein loss indicates damage in the kidneys and concern for development of Lyme nephritis. Luckily less than 2% of Lyme positive dogs develop urine protein loss .
Can Lyme Disease Go Away On Its Own In Dogs
It takes a certain amount of bacteria from a tick bite to enter the host to cause a true infection. Some dogs that will test positive for exposure to the organism . Many of these dogs will later test negative for Lyme . This means that their antibodies are no longer present. This may be due to the dogs immune system clearing the infection or because the organism has hidden within the dog.
Recommended Reading: Herbs That Kill Lyme Disease
Diagnosis Of Monocytic Ehrlichiosis Bacterialinfection
Lab tests are used to diagnose this type of lyme disease.Testing often shows a decrease in your dog’s platelet count, the bloodcells that cause clotting , low red blood cell counts and lower white blood cell count . Yourveterinarian may also find enlarged lymph nodes and higher than normalliver enzyme counts.
Treatment of Ehrlichiosis Bacterial Infection
Antibiotics are used to treat this type of lymedisease for 3 weeks. If your dog has asevere case then treatment can last 1 year. If your dog has a severecase then your veterinarian may recommend a blood transfusion. Dogswith this problem are expected to make a full recovery. In some casesthe prognosis is not as good if all parts of the blood are affected.Similar concerns exist if your dog has a heart deformity or bone marrow disease .
Your Vet Is Your Best Ally For Preventing Lyme Disease In Your Dog
One thing all vets agree upon is this: the best protection against tick-borne disease is not vaccination but diligent tick control. As we discussed in Part I of this blog series, ticks often carry more than one disease, and vaccines do not exist against most of them.I encourage you to talk to your veterinarian about your dogs Lyme risk. I would never want recommend something different than what he or she believes to be best for your dog. But if hasnt already been resolved, this question needs to be addressed at your dogs next wellness visit:
Does my dog need a Lyme vaccine?
Lyme vaccine is considered a non-core vaccination. This means that its not recommended for all dogs, unlike the core vaccines which protect against common diseases like parvo, distemper, and rabies.
If you live in an apartment in New York City, and your dog goes out to the curb to the bathroom and back in, Im not going to recommend a Lyme vaccine for your dog. Even a dog that lives in suburban America, but spends time exclusively on a well-manicured lawn, may not need the vaccine.
Related podcast: Dog Vaccinations: Everything You Want to Know.
Read Also: Lyme Disease Specialist Raleigh Nc
Symptoms Of Lyme Disease Can Be Very Serious
A dog may also test positive for Lyme, but have no symptoms at all. In fact, this is most commonly the case! Clinical signs only develop in 5-10% of infected dogs, but they can be very serious.
Symptoms of Lyme disease in dogs include:
- Joint inflammation and pain
- Lethargy or ADR
- Shifting leg lameness
- Swollen lymph nodes
Summary Of Lupus In Dogs
Lupus is a rare autoimmune disease in dogs that causes their own immune system to attack the body. Symptoms and severity can vary from dog to dog, often depending on which part of the body is affected, and it can be fatal. Lifelong treatment is required, which may involve anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive medications, diet and lifestyle changes.
Also Check: Sleep Inn East Lyme Ct
Testing For Kidney Disease
Tests to diagnose kidney disease include complete blood count, serum biochemistry, and urinalysis. These blood tests will determine if your pet is anemic, determine white blood cell counts, measure blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, and electrolytes. A urinalysis is essential for the proper interpretation of the urea and creatinine values in the serum biochemistry profile and may also provide important clues to the possible underlying cause of kidney disease. A urinalysis will also determine the specific gravity, pH, presence of blood in the urine, and the amount of protein in the urine. An evaluation of the urine sediment will determine the presence of red blood cells, white blood cells, bacteria, crystalline material, and cellular casts all of which provide information to determine the underlying cause of kidney disease in your pet. Further diagnostic tests may be recommended based on the results of these initial screening tests.
Symptoms Of Lyme Disease In Dogs To Watch For
Below are some of the most common symptoms of Lyme disease for dogs in Oak Park, IL:
- Fever: Dogs with Lyme disease often run a fever for an extended period of time.
- Lack of energy: Dogs are often too sick to want to get up and do anything when they have Lyme disease.
- Loss of appetite: Some dogs will be unwilling or unable to eat very much when theyre sick with Lyme disease.
- Lameness or joint pain: Dogs with Lyme disease may sometimes be unable to walk or may have very stiff, painful joints when they do move around.
- Other pain and discomfort: A dog who is in pain most of the time may have Lyme disease.
Don’t Miss: Tire Store East Lyme Ct
Transmission Of Lyme Disease
Ticks that carry Lyme disease are often found in tall-grasses, thick bushes, marshes, and in the woods, especially in the Northeast, upper Midwest, and Pacific coast. So if you and your dog happen to be around terrain similar to that, be on the lookout! Ticks are waiting to get your dog when he walks by, so its best to be careful in areas like this or better yet, stay away from them. The whole process is extremely fast. In fact, once a tick lands on the dog and bites him, it can transmit the disease in less than 48 hours.
Blacklegged ticks are the primary carriers of Lyme disease. Blacklegged ticks are most commonly found in wooded and deep bushy, grassy areas, especially near the woods. Its hard to avoid ticks because ticks are a year-long problem and not specific to any season, but the majority of cases occur from October to March, so its important to keep that in mind when going outdoors with your dog. Ticks are crawlers that latch on to your dog by hanging out at the tips of bushes and grass and then jump onto your dogs skin.
Ticks are not exclusive to woods, though. Even city dogs can come in contact with ticks that carry Lyme disease. Ticks cant be dehydrated, so you wont find them in low-cut lawns out in the open.
Once you see the tick, its tempting to immediately take it off the dog with your fingers. But this is not recommended. Instead, get a pair of sharpened tweezers and grab them from the head as far down as possible.
What If A Tick Bites My Dog
The more ticks in your region, the likelier it is that your furry pal will bring them home.
Your dog is much more likely to be bitten by a tick than you are. And where Lyme disease is common, up to 25% of dogs have had it at some point.
About 10% of dogs with Lyme disease will get sick. 7-21 days after a tick bite, your dog might seem like theyâre walking on eggshells. They also might have a fever and enlarged lymph nodes. Plus, they might seem tired. Dogs also get antibiotics for Lyme.
What if my dog brings ticks into my home?
Use a tick control product on your pet to prevent Lyme disease. Also, have your dog vaccinated against Lyme.
Check your dogâs whole body each day for bumps. If you notice a swollen area, see if thereâs a tick there. If you find a tick, wear gloves while you use tweezers to separate it from your dog. Then, put it in soapy water or alcohol, or flush it down the toilet.
Use alcohol to clean the spot on your dog where the tick was attached. Keep an eye on that spot, and also on your dog to make sure theyâre behaving normally. If you notice any changes, check with your vet.
John Aucott, MD, assistant professor of medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine director, Johns Hopkins Lyme Disease Clinical Research Center.
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report: âVital Signs: Trends in Reported Vectorborne Disease Cases — United States and Territories, 2004-2016.â
American College of Rheumatology.
Also Check: Foods That Kill Lyme Disease
Most Of The Tick Control Products We Use Don’t Repel Ticks
There are many good options for flea and tick preventatives on the market. There’s the Lyme vaccine. There’s the more old-school route of tick collars. And there are perhaps the most commonly used monthly topical and oral options.
If you’re one of the countless pet owners who gives their dog a chewable medication or squirts a preventative oil on their skin, you might be surprised to learn that neither of those tick control tactics actually repel the little bloodsuckers from your dog’s body.
“Owners come to us and say, ‘Well, you know, we’re using this flea and stuff, but we still see ticks on our dog,'” recalls Bloom, who practices veterinary medicine in a heavily wooded section of New Jersey. “Most of these flea and tick products will not actually repel the tick, will not keep the tick from walking onto your dog, and will not keep the tick from biting your dog. What they’ll do is they’ll kill the tick after the tick has bitten.”
And it turns out, that’s perfectly fine.
“If a tick bites your dog, it can transmit the bacteria, but only if it stays attached,” Bloom elaborates. “If the tick is killed with less than 24 hours attachment to your dog, it won’t transmit disease.”
If you’re concerned about ticks hitching a ride into your house, though, there are some products that do physically repel ticks a tick collar, for example. But Goldstein argues that’s not always in your family’s best interest.
Lyme Disease Hair Loss Dogs
Very, very commonly in Lyme disease in dogs youre going to see joint stiffness and pain getting up. Now, there are lots of different diseases that can cause all of these symptoms put together, and so it has to be lyme disease hair loss dogs determined by your veterinary clinic. Consistently being highly stressed can cause a medical condition known as Telogen Effluvium. Telogen Effluvium is a type of temporary hair loss that can result from high stress situations. It has been found present in those who are dealing with infections. Hair loss is a symptom of hypothyroidism and Lyme is known to cause it, but dont be surprised if youre experiencing hair loss and your thyroid test results come back normal. Potential solutions There is no definitive reason for why lyme disease hair loss dogs people with Lyme Disease lose their hair, but the most likely reason why could be high stress. Many have found though that different supplements and shampoos have given t hem support with their hair loss. Could the cause be too many lyme disease hair loss dogs toxins? It is understood that hair loss from Lyme Disease begins once a person starts to herx from their treatment protocol, so what is it about the herxing that can induce hair loss?
Read Also: Prophylactic Antibiotics For Lyme Disease
Conflict Of Interest Declaration
The authors declare that none of their collaborations influenced their work on this Consensus. Collaborative Research: Antech Laboratories , Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica, Inc. , IDEXX Laboratories , Zoetis Other: AKCCHF/SCWTCA/SCWTAC GraysonJockey Club , Kindy French Foundation , Maddie’s Fund , NIH , Shipley Foundation Consultant or Sponsored CE events: Aratana , Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica, Inc. , Heska , IDEXX Labs , Merck , Merial , and Zoetis
Stage : Late Disseminated Lyme Disease
Late disseminated Lyme disease occurs when the infection hasnt been treated in stages 1 and 2. Stage 3 can occur months or years after the tick bite.
This stage is characterized by:
- arthritis of one or more large joints
- brain disorders, such as encephalopathy, which can cause short-term memory loss, difficulty concentrating, mental fogginess, problems with following conversations and sleep disturbance
- numbness in the arms, legs, hands, or feet
Don’t Miss: Lyme Disease And Massage Therapy
Does Cushing’s Disease Cause Weight Loss In Dogs
The symptoms of Cushing’s in dogs and cats can include: Increased or excessive urination.
Excessive thirst or appetite.
Lyme Disease And Kidney Function In Dogs And Kidney Failure. Dogs that have Lyme disease are said to be at a much higher chance of getting acute kidney injury which can develop into chronic kidney disease , a new study shows. A recently published study in November 2020 from Physicians Weekly states that if your dog has Lyme …
Stage : Early Localized Disease
Symptoms of Lyme disease usually start 1 to 2 weeks after the tick bite. One of the earliest signs of the disease is a bulls-eye rash.
The rash occurs at the site of the tick bite, usually, but not always, as a central red spot surrounded by a clear spot with an area of redness at the edge. It may be warm to the touch, but it isnt painful and doesnt itch. This rash will gradually fade in most people.
The formal name for this rash is erythema migrans. Erythema migrans is said to be characteristic of Lyme disease. However, many people dont have this symptom.
Some people have a rash thats solid red, while people with dark complexions may have a rash that resembles a bruise.
The rash can occur with or without systemic viral or flu-like symptoms.
Other symptoms commonly seen in this stage of Lyme disease include:
Don’t Miss: What Do I Do If My Dog Has Lyme Disease
Arthritis Caused By Lyme Disease
There are many causes for arthritis, and your veterinarian will focus on differentiating arthritis initiated by Lyme disease from other inflammatory arthritic disorders, such as trauma and degenerative joint disease.
Immune-mediated diseases will also be considered as a possible cause of the symptoms. X-rays of the painful joints will allow your doctor to examine the bones for abnormalities.
Ticks Which Carry Lyme
The tick that transmits Lyme disease is the black legged tick .
Most humans are infected by tick borne disease in the Spring and Summer months. These months are when ticks are most active and when nymphal are present. In the cooler months, the adult ticks become more active. Ticks dont jump to attach onto their host. They wait in brush and attach to a host when the host is in contact with the brush
Recommended Reading: Lyme Booster Shot For Dogs
Topic : Should Treatments Be Offered For Nonclinical Nonproteinuric Seropositive Dogs
This topic is still controversial 4/6 panelists do not routinely recommend treatment for such dogs ,, stating that: this practice potentially promotes overuse of antibiotics no data exists proving treatment of healthy dogs is associated with decreased risk of illness Bb may not be cleared from all tissues with treatment and, reinfection may commonly occur in dogs in endemic areas. Seropositivity indicates tick and wildlife exposure and possible coinfection. Tick control and possible vaccination should be readdressed . Panelists in North America recommend reevaluation for proteinuria at least 23 times per year, even if the dog is treated with antibiotics, because clearance may not occur, and because the pathogenesis of Lyme nephritis is unknown.