Where Are Ticks That Carry Lyme Disease Found
Ticks that carry Lyme disease can be found anywhere their hosts live, in short, anywhere in the world. They prefer moist shady areas. The phrase deer tick, the name commonly used for the species of ticks that carry Lyme disease, is somewhat of a misnomer. Although deer are important as reproductive hosts in the lifecycle of these ticks, other vertebrate animals actually infect the ticks with disease organisms not the deer. These animals include white-footed mice, chipmunks, shrews, several species of ground feeding birds , and many other small mammals. Lyme disease ticks can be found in:
- Leaf litter
- Tall grass, bushy areas and beach grass
- Areas planted with pachysandra or other ground covers
- Lawn perimeters where they meet forest, woodlot or garden edges
How To Protect Yourself From What Ticks Carry Lyme Disease
Lyme disease can cause many health problems that range from inflammation of the joints to neurological and heart problems. And because immunity thru a vaccine to Lyme disease has yet to be developed and administered to people, you need to take on a more active role in keeping yourself and your loved ones safe against tick bites.
But how exactly can you protect yourself from Lyme disease? Prevention is one way not to worry about what ticks carry Lyme disease. To get you started, weve listed down the following guidelines:
Ongoing Symptoms Of Lyme Disease
A few people who are diagnosed and treated for Lyme disease continue to have symptoms, like tiredness, aches and loss of energy, that can last for years.
It’s not clear why this happens to some people and not others. This means there’s also no agreed treatment.
Speak to a doctor if your symptoms come back, or do not improve, after treatment with antibiotics.
The doctor may be able to offer you further support if needed, such as:
- referral for a care needs assessment
- telling your employer, school or higher education institution that you require a gradual return to activities
- communicating with children and families’ social care
Page last reviewed: 05 July 2021 Next review due: 05 July 2024
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How Can You Prevent Lyme Disease
The best way to protect against Lyme disease is to prevent tick bites. Check the detailed risk areas map to find out where infected ticks are most likely to be found. Remember, as tick populations spread, the risk of acquiring Lyme disease will occur outside these areas in the future. Ticks can be dispersed out of these areas by migratory birds so there is a low risk of being bitten by a tick outside of the known risk areas.
It is recommended that Canadians travelling to highly Lyme endemic areas of the US and Europe, apply permethrin treatments to their clothing or use clothing pre-treated with permethrin. These products can be obtained in some travel clinics or from outdoors retailers when in the US.
Ticks can be infected with more than one type of bacteria that can cause human illness. Guarding against tick bites will protect you from more than just Lyme disease.
Here are some ways to protect yourself if you venture into wooded or forested areas within risk areas for Lyme disease:
Protect Your Home And Yard From Ticks That Carry Lyme Disease
Lyme disease is a scary, potentially devastating disease caused by ticks. The best way to stay safe is to take precautions to avoid ticks, remove ticks as quickly as possible, and seek professional help in protecting your lawn. Call your local pest pros at ExtermPRO today to learn more about our flea and tick services.
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Do All Ticks Carry Disease
If you are worried about ticks, especially when it comes to your kid, you should consider getting an essential oil tick repellent. To be honest, you should always find out more about anything that could be potentially harmful to your baby, as that is one of the demands of being a parent.
Since everybody is very afraid of ticks and the effects their bites can have, we thought wed write this article to help you not panic and be better informed if you should encounter a tick crawling up and down your kid.
I Just Found A Tick Attached To Me What Should I Do
Dont panic. First, remove the tick with a pair of tweezers. Grasp the tick close to the skin and pull directly upwards until the tick comes free.
Try to remove the tick whole. If you do, it is likely the tick will still be alive and moving.
Place the tick in a plastic bag or other sealed container. Try to identify what kind of tick it is that bit you. An online tick identification chart, like the one from the University of Rhode Islands TickEncounter Resource Center may be helpful. If you are not sure what type of tick bit you, it is best to bring it to your doctor or someone else who can identify ticks.
Its important to remember that Lyme disease is not the only infection spread by deer ticks, and deer ticks are not the only ticks that can spread infections. After any tick bite, you should monitor your health. If you develop a high fever or chills, you should seek medical attention, and be sure to mention to the doctor that you have recently had a tick bite.
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How Can I Prevent Getting A Tick Bite
Good ways to prevent tick bites are to wear shoes, long-sleeved shirts, and long pants when outside, especially in brushy areas and areas that border forests. Tucking your pants into your socks and wearing high boots can also help. It is easier to see ticks on light-colored clothing, so that is another useful approach. Applying bug spray to your clothing can repel ticks. After being outdoors it is important to do a thorough tick check of yourself and your children. Ticks tend to like dark, moist areas on the body so pay particular attention to the armpits, groin, hairline, scalp, backs of the knees, and waistline. If you have pets, using a topical product to prevent ticks on your dogs and cats will also help to ensure that your animals are not bringing ticks into your home.
Illnesses Spread By Ticks
Illnesses spread by ticks are common in Wisconsin.
Not all ticks spread illness and you won’t get sick from every tick bite, but it is important to make sure you stay aware of ticks and the illnesses they cause.
Illnesses spread by ticks are preventable. There are many ways to prevent tick bites, including doing daily tick checks, using insect repellent, and wearing appropriate clothes when you are outdoors. Check out other tips to prevent tick bites!
Department of Health Services Resources
Health care professionals
- Lyme Disease Surveillance Brief, P-01295 Surveillance brief describing Lyme disease trends in Wisconsin .
- Vectorborne Disease Toolkit, P-01109 A planning guide for public health and emergency planning professionals.
Resources can be ordered for free from DHS. Here’s how:
- Download the Forms and Publications Order form, F-80025A .Internet Explorer Users: When downloading a Word form, you may get a Windows Security popup box asking for a login ID and a password. The form will open if you choose “Cancel.”
- Complete the form by tabbing through the input fields, not by using the return or enter key.
- Send any questions about ordering forms to the Department of Health Services..
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention resources
Questions about illnesses spread by ticks? Contact us.Phone: 608-267-9003 | Fax: 608-261-4976
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How Can I Prevent Bites From Ticks And Lyme Disease
You can keep yourself, your loved ones, and your pets from encountering Lyme ticks with a few easy, Be Tick AWARE prevention steps:
- Avoid high-traffic areas known to host ticks that carry Lyme disease like tall grasses and leaf piles
- Wear clothing to protect from ticks and Lyme disease, like long sleeves, pants, and socks
- Apply EPA-approved tick repellent properly
- Remove clothing to protect from ticks and Lyme disease, like long sleeves, pants, and socks
- Examine yourself for ticks daily as the risk of Lyme disease is always there
Learn more about preventing encounters with ticks that carry Lyme disease on our prevention page.
Signs Of Lyme Disease
Lyme Disease symptoms show up days after you have been bitten by a tick. They include:
- A rash that resembles a bulls-eye. It might be itchy or painful.
- Flu-like symptoms like fever, fatigue, and headache
- Over time, you might have joint pain.
- The scariest symptom of all is irreparable brain damage that occurs over time when Lyme Disease is not diagnosed.
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How To Avoid Getting A Tick Bite
You might be at risk if you live, work in, or visit a wooded area, or an area with tall grasses and bushes .
You may also be at risk if you are involved in outdoor activities such as hiking, camping and gardening.
You may be bitten by a tick and not even know it.
Heres what you can do to avoid getting a tick bite.
What Other Diseases Can Ticks Carry
Other than the popular Lyme disease, some types of ticks can also carry a bacteria that will make you suffer from the so-called Rocky Mountain spotted fever. Most people with this will get a rash 2 to 5 days after the first symptoms start to occur. Even though it doesnt look the same on everyone, it usually starts as small, pink spots on your wrists and ankles.
Another common illness is the Southern Tick-Associated Rash Illness, where you get a rash mostly associated with Lymes disease, typically in the fashion of a red bulls eye with the bite in the center. Tularemia is also encountered pretty often when you usually get an open, painful sore where the tick sinks its teeth.
When it comes to Ehrlichiosis, this is a type that harms children more often than adults. The effects can also vary, ranging from small, red or purple spots on the skin to completely covered red areas that are filled with small bumps.
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Lyme Disease Is On The Rise Again Here’s How To Prevent It
As it turns out, the chance of catching Lyme disease from an individual tick ranges from zero to roughly 50 percent, according to Mather. The exact probability depends on three factors: the tick species, where it came from and how long the tick was feeding.
First, Mather says it’s important to identify the species of tick.
Only two species of tick transmit Lyme disease, both from the genus Ixodes. The blacklegged tick , often referred to as the deer tick, is found throughout the U.S. east of the Rocky Mountains. The Western blacklegged tick is found west of the Rockies.
Adults of both species have reddish-black bodies and are about the size of a sesame seed smaller than most other ticks. As juveniles, they’re even tinier roughly the size of a poppy seed.
If you’ve been bitten by something other than a blacklegged tick, you can stop worrying about Lyme. But Mather cautions that you may be at risk for other, less common infections, like Rocky Mountain spotted fever.
Even if a blacklegged tick bit you, there’s still a good chance you’re OK. That’s because only a fraction of blacklegged ticks carry the bacteria that cause Lyme disease.
Where you live determines how many blacklegged ticks are carrying Lyme. A recent study found that in the Northeast and Upper Midwest, up to 50 percent of blacklegged ticks are infected. But in the South and West, infection rates are usually less than 10 percent.
How Long Does A Tick Need To Be Attached To Transmit Lyme Disease
Even if the tick is infected with Borrelia burgdorferi the risk of developing Lyme disease is low. The tick has to have taken a “blood meal” from the human host before it can pass along an infection. This means the tick has to be attached and feeding for more than 36 hours before it can transmit Lyme. A tick that has not yet attached to the skin is easy to remove or is not engorged when removed, could not have transmitted Lyme disease or any other infection. Thats why it is important to do regular “tick checks” on yourselves and your children so that ticks can be identified and removed quickly.
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How Big Are Ticks
In my mind, a tick is about the size of an apple seed. But, this is only true if it is an adult tick. Nymphs are about the size of poppy seeds and larvae are about the size of a grain of sand.
Most people with Lyme disease are bitten by the poppy-seed size of ticksthe nymphs. Adult ticks also carry the bacteria, but these apple-seed-sized ticks are much easier to see and remove .
Signs And Symptoms Of Tick
The signs and symptoms of tick-borne disease vary among individuals and differ according to the infecting agent. In general, a person should consider consulting a health care provider whenever he or she experiences a sudden high fever, severe headache, muscle or joint aches, nausea, vomiting or diarrhea. If these symptoms occur following a tick bite, or even after exposure to a tick habitat, the health care provider should be informed of this fact. Another possible sign of tick-borne disease is a rash or pus-filled wound that appears at the site of a tick bite, or a spreading rash that follows a tick bite or exposure to tick habitat.
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What Will A Rash Look Like
Since only some tick diseases give you a rash, what it looks like depends on the type you got. What most people get is the disease that ticks are usually known for, and that is Lyme disease. This is a bacterial illness which hits people with headaches, fevers, arthritis, and sometimes even paralysis of the face. If you do get a rash from this, youll see a round area of redness around the bite thatll get bigger over a few days or weeks.
Lyme disease cases are mostly concentrated in the northeastern area of the United States and upper Midwest. However, since there are different types of ticks, it can be difficult to pinpoint what kind bit you or your loved one. For this, you can either look at tick pictures on the CDCs website or send the aggressor to a lab.
What Blacklegged Ticks Look Like
Blacklegged ticks are small and hard to see. They attach themselves to humans and animals and feed on their blood. They can range in size depending on how long they have been feeding.
You can find out if its a blacklegged tick by:
- calling your local public health unit or checking their website
- submitting a photo of the tick to etick.ca
Adult female blacklegged tick at various stages of feeding. Photo: Government of Canada
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What Percentage Of Ticks Carry Lyme Disease
A stroll through the tall grass or a hike in the woods can inadvertently attract some unwanted stowaways ticks! These pesky parasitic insects latch onto a host and feed on blood for sustenance. As known carriers of Lyme disease, ticks can pose significant health hazards to their nonconsenting hosts.
But do all ticks carry Lyme disease? And if not, what percentage of ticks carry Lyme disease? Let the insect experts at Mosquito Joe answer all you want to know about ticks and Lyme disease.
Symptoms Of Lyme Disease
A circular or oval shape rash around a tick bite can be an early symptom of Lyme disease in some people.
The rash can appear up to 3 months after being bitten by an infected tick, but usually appears within 1 to 4 weeks. It can last for several weeks.
The rash can have a darker or lighter area in the centre and might gradually spread. It’s not usually hot or itchy.
The rash may be flat, or slightly raised, and look pink, red, or purple when it appears on white skin. It can be harder to see the rash on brown and black skin and it may look like a bruise.
Some people also get flu-like symptoms a few days or weeks after they were bitten by an infected tick, such as:
- a high temperature, or feeling hot and shivery
- tiredness and loss of energy
Some people with Lyme disease develop more severe symptoms months or years later.
This is more likely if treatment is delayed.
These more severe symptoms may include:
- pain and swelling in joints
- nerve problems such as pain or numbness
- heart problems
- trouble with memory or concentration
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What If Mouthparts Of The Tick Remain In The Skin
Do not attempt to remove the mouthparts if they are left in the skin after tick removal. As long as the body of the tick has been removed it can no longer transmit infection. The mouthparts will come out over time naturally. Trying to remove these mouthparts can cause more trauma and may cause a local skin infection.
How Can Lyme Disease Be Prevented
In areas where ticks are found, people should know about the risk of Lyme disease and should take precautions to protect themselves. Be aware of the signs and symptoms of Lyme disease so it can be detected and treated promptly. PHAC states that removing ticks within 24 to 36 hours after the tick bite usually prevents infection.
PHAC has also prepared a Lyme disease tool kit which provides material to raise awareness and educate.
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