Monday, September 19, 2022

Does Lyme Disease Cause Kidney Failure

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Can Lyme Disease Damage Kidneys

Kidney (Renal) Disease Signs & Symptoms (ex. Peripheral Edema, Fatigue, Itchiness)

As the temperatures heat up, the bugs come out, including some that carry dangerous illnesses such as Lyme disease and.

and widespread damage to the joints,heart, and kidney with Rocky Mountain.

Early disseminated Lyme disease typically occurs shortly after a tick bite when the infection has spread throughout the body. The patient was hospitalized and found to have unexplained acute renal failure with a creatinine of 4.49 mg/dl. Normal levels are closer to 1.

Kidney disease can be a prevalent problem in patients who suffer from Lyme disease. In cases of chronic Lyme disease-induced kidney disease, the.

Rocky Mountain spotted fever is a bacterial infection transmitted by a tick. Without prompt treatment, Rocky Mountain spotted fever can cause.

Theres fear among guides that the discovery of PFAS and the effects of climate change may threaten some of the states.

that causes Lyme disease, Dapsis says. But being more visiblethey are sesame seed-sizedthe adults are more likely to be spotted and pulled off before they can do any damage. “The infection.

Infection caused by B burgdorferi is known to induce glomerulonephritis in animals. We report a patient with acute postinfection membranoproliferative.

The deer tick is known to spread Lyme disease. It can cause fever, lethargy, kidney damage, and inflammation of the joints in your pet. Other diseases spread by ticks can include: rocky mountain.

If left untreated, the disease can damage the eyes, heart, kidneys,

Treatment For Lyme Disease In Dogs

Veterinarians treat dogs with Lyme disease through a combination of medical therapy and supportive care. A 4-to 6-week course of antibiotics will be prescribed for dogs with clinical signs of Lyme disease, as well as for dogs that have a high antibody level, even if they are asymptomatic. Many owners see improvement within a few days. However, a second round of antibiotics is often required, as the infection may persist through the first round of treatment.

Severe cases of Lyme disease will acquire additional therapy to treat affected kidneys, heart, or nerves, along with supportive care like intravenous fluids. Re-checking blood work is recommended six months after completing antibiotic therapy to determine if treatment has been successful.

There is some debate within the veterinary community as to whether dogs should be treated if they test positive for Lyme disease but are asymptomatic and have a low antibody level. Your veterinarian will speak to you about different options so that you can come up with the best treatment plan for your dog.

Lyme disease can stay in your dogs body even with antibiotics. In these cases, the disease often flares up when a dogs immune system is suppressed or weakened, such as during periods of stress. The same antibiotic can be used to treat repeated recurrences of Lyme disease. Unlike other types of infections, the lingering infection is not a direct result of antibiotic resistance.

Other Canine Diseases Carried By Ticks

Ticks can also carry several other less common but serious bacterial diseases affecting dogs, including anaplasmosis and babesiosis.

Anaplasmosis can involve symptoms similar to those for Lyme disease. Babesiosis can present with a wide range of symptoms, from sudden and severe shock, high fever, and dark urine to a slowly progressing infection with more subtle clinical signs. Diagnosis of both diseases includes blood tests similar to those used to check for Lyme disease.

Sometimes, dogs and people can become sick with co-infection of multiple tick-borne diseases, where more than one type of disease-causing bacteria is transmitted through a tick bite. This situation can make diagnosis and treatment even more challenging and difficult.

Read Also: Could I Have Lyme Disease

Can I Give My Dog Lyme Disease Or Vice Versa

You cant give your dog Lyme disease, nor can your dog infect you. However, if either one of you has a tick, you should both be checked out by a medical professional. Its entirely possible that the tick may have traveled from your body to your dogs, or vice versa, without you realizing it. If you have an open wound, there is alsoa slight chance that the bacteria from the tick can pass through it, so make sure to be extra vigilant to keep yourself safe in those cases.

How Is Hypercalcemia Diagnosed

Kidney Failure In Dogs With Lyme Disease

Hypercalcemia is a fairly common finding on routine blood tests such as a comprehensive metabolic panel or basic metabolic panel , which include a calcium blood test. These tests allow healthcare providers to detect abnormally high calcium levels early.

The following blood calcium levels indicate different levels of diagnosis and severity of hypercalcemia:

  • Mild hypercalcemia: 10.5 to 11.9 milligrams per deciliter .
  • Moderate hypercalcemia: 12.0 to 13.9 mg/dL.
  • Hypercalcemic crisis : 14.0 to 16.0 mg/dL.

If you have symptoms of hypercalcemia or are at risk for developing hypercalcemia due to having a certain kind of cancer, your provider will order different blood tests to determine if you have hypercalcemia. If your blood calcium level is elevated, your provider will review your medications and medical history and conduct a physical exam.

If theres no obvious cause to your elevated levels, your provider may ask you to see an endocrinologist, a provider who specializes in hormone-related conditions, who will provide further evaluation and testing.

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What Is Chronic Liver Disease

Chronic liver disease includes a wide range of medical conditions of different severity. CLD includes conditions such as:

Some conditions, especially nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, often occur in combination with obesity and/or diabetesconditions that alone increase the risk of severe disease with COVID-19.

Now that COVID-19 has been around for some time, researchers are learning more about the risks, as well as complications that might be expected with people with chronic liver disease who acquire the virus.

How To Diagnose Neuropathy

For most people, a diagnosis of neuropathy may be based upon a persons medical history, physical exam, lab work, and neurologic evaluation. The following tests can be useful to identify the condition, as well as rule out potential causes and contributing factors.

  • Neurologic Exam: During a neurologic exam, your doctorusually a neurologistassesses reflexes ability to feel sensations like hot, cold, and pain coordination balance muscle strength and muscle tone.
  • Blood Tests: Blood tests are run to assess nutritional deficiencies, organ function, toxins, and the presence of an atypical immune response.
  • Electrodiagnostic Tests : EDX testing checks how well the muscles and nerves are functioning by measuring their electrical activity, which assists in determining the extent of nerve damage. Two commonly used procedures are electromyography and nerve conduction velocity . During an EMG, small needle electrodes are inserted through the skin into the muscle to measure the electrical activity while the muscle is at rest, during a mild contraction, and during a powerful contraction. Frequently, the NVC will be completed at the same time as the EMG, which helps further assess the amount and speed with which an electrical impulse moves through a nerve.
  • Other Tests: The need for other testing will depend on the severity of your symptoms and could include specialized sensory testing, genetic testing, or a biopsy with tissue samples from a nerve, muscle, or skin.

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How Do You Prevent Lyme Disease In Dogs

To prevent Lyme disease in dogs, try to avoid tick-infested areas, especially during peak season. When you come in from the outdoors, check your dogâs body and carefully remove any ticks with tweezers.

Year-round tick control helps in prevention. You can also ask your vet about tick-preventive products. These products kill ticks on your dogâs body before they have a chance to spread an infection. Vaccines can also help prevent Lyme disease in dogs, but vets warn against them unless you live in an area that is prone to ticks.

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How Is Lyme Disease Treated

Chronic Kidney Disease: FAQ

Because the Lyme spirochete is a bacterium, it can be treated with antibiotics. The antibiotic of choice is doxycycline, followed by amoxicillin, then azithromycin. Treatment lasts for 4 weeks. Occasionally, the initial infection will recur, or the pet will become re-infected by being bitten by another infected tick.

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What Are The Clinical Signs Of Lyme Disease

Some people with Lyme disease develop a characteristic bull’s-eye rash at the site of the bite within three to thirty days. If this occurs, the disease can be easily diagnosed at an early stage.

However, signs of Lyme disease are more difficult to detect in animals than in people. The characteristic rash does not develop in dogs or cats. In fact, Lyme disease is practically unheard of in cats.

“Affected dogs have been described as if they were walking on eggshells.”

Many dogs affected with Lyme disease are taken to a veterinarian because they seem to be experiencing generalized pain and have stopped eating. Affected dogs have been described as if they were walking on eggshells. Often these pets have high fevers. Dogs may also begin limping. This painful lameness often appears suddenly and may shift from one leg to another. If untreated, it may eventually disappear, only to recur weeks or months later.

Some pets are infected with the Lyme disease organism for over a year before they finally show symptoms. By this time, the disease may be widespread throughout the body. Non-specific signs which may indicate that Lyme disease is affecting the kidneys include vomiting, lethargy, anorexia , and weight loss. The kidney form of the disease is less common, but often fatal.

Common Symptoms For These People *:

  • Rash Pruritic : 1 person, 14.29%
  • Pain: 1 person, 14.29%
  • Balance Disorder: 1 person, 14.29%
  • Blood Urine: 1 person, 14.29%
  • Dehydroepiandrosterone Decreased: 1 person, 14.29%
  • Dizziness: 1 person, 14.29%
  • Drug Metabolising Enzyme Test Abnormal: 1 person, 14.29%
  • Endometriosis : 1 person, 14.29%
  • General Physical Health Deterioration : 1 person, 14.29%
  • Haematuria : 1 person, 14.29%
  • * Approximation only. Some reports may have incomplete information.

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    Can An Animal Get Infected Despite Being Vaccinated

    Yes. This has been observed that some animals can still get infected after Lyme vaccination. This can be due to a low immune response of the respective animal and/or a very high exposure rate or Lyme prevalence in the area where the animal lives. A yearly check of the OspA titer is recommended for a vaccinated animal to ensure that the animal responded with high OspA antibodies to vaccination. Please indicate the name of the vaccine and when it has been last applied on the accession form.

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    Is There A Vaccine For Lyme Disease In Dogs

    Kidney Disease Awareness Crps

    Yes. Your veterinarian may recommend the Lyme vaccine if your dog lives in a high-risk area or is in high-risk situations regularly. Like all vaccines, the Lyme vaccine is not 100 percent effective. Even with vaccination, your dog will still need monthly preventatives, and you should still take other preventative measures, like avoiding areas with ticks and manually checking your dog for ticks.

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    Is There A Lyme Disease Vaccine For Dogs Can All Dogs Take The Vaccine

    There are 4 Lyme vaccines available in the United States for dogs. Lyme vaccination is considered a lifestyle vaccine, i.e. not all dogs need it, and the decision to vaccinate is an individual one and is not for all dogs.

    The Lyme vaccine works by sterilizing the bacteria in the gut of the tick, preventing transmission of bacteria to the dog if they are ever exposed. Lyme vaccines appear to prevent illness in 60%86% dogs that are vaccinated, but not consistently in all dogs, and not for a very long duration of immunity.To ensure the vaccine provides optimum protection Dr. Wooten notes, your dog will receive two initial injections of the vaccine, two-four weeks apart, and then either annual or biannual boosters to maintain immunity.

    While most dogs are tolerant of the Lyme disease vaccine, all dogs are different and may need another form of prevention. According to an article in Todays Veterinary Practice, Golden Retrievers should not receive the Lyme vaccine because of a genetic predisposition to develop Lyme nephritis, an inflammatory kidney disease. Fortunately, if proper tick prevention is utilized, vaccination should not be necessary. However, your veterinarian will help you determine the best form of Lyme disease prevention based on your dogs age, breed, size, any potential pre-existing conditions, and their overall health.

    Is Jaundice A Symptom Of Lyme Disease

    Although it is incredibly rare, jaundice can be a symptom of Lyme disease if the borrelia bacteria affects how the liver functions. One particular review published in 2019 examined the appearance of jaundice in Lyme disease patients and concluded that there were only two case reports of jaundice in the literature surrounding Lyme disease. One was dated back to 1990, while the other dated back to 2001.

    A third case report published in 2020 examined a patient with jaundice and other symptoms of Lyme disease. The positive Lyme disease test was only explored following an extensive workup for other diseases that could cause liver issues. Because of this, it is thought that people with jaundice should be tested for Lyme disease. This is especially true if the person has been in an endemic area. The rarity of case reports surrounding jaundice and Lyme disease does not mean that it doesnt happen more often it just means that testing for Lyme disease in patients with jaundice may have been overlooked in the past.

    Image by on Can Lyme disease make your skin yellow?

    Some damages caused by the borrelia bacteria can be irreversible, so taking stock of the possible symptoms and testing accordingly will help to eliminate a persons chances of being misdiagnosed with another condition when they need to be treated for Lyme disease.

    Featured image by Erik Karits on Unsplash

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    Liver Disease And Covid

    When looking at potential risks related to COVID-19 with liver disease, you want to consider your risk of exposure to the virus, susceptibility , and the risk of developing serious illness if infected with COVID-19.

    Its not known exactly whether people living with liver disease are more likely to be exposed to SARS-CoV-2, the virus that leads to the COVID-19 illness, than the general population. It likely depends on the particular liver disease, the amount of time in public needed for visits, scans, and picking up prescriptions, and whether hospitalization may be required.

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    Being diagnosed with Lyme disease often requires massive lifestyle changes. So the big question right now is should you drink with Lyme disease?

    Being diagnosed with Lyme disease is no walk in the park. Its much more complicated than taking a course of antibiotics for 10 days, and often requires entire lifestyle changes for those affected. I know, because I have been fighting Lyme for the past two years. I have given up many unhealthy foods such as gluten, sugar, and legumes excessive exercise, and even alcohol so that my body can heal from this pathogen. Thats right I dont drink with Lyme disease.

    Now, I havent always been avoiding alcohol. If were being honest, I used to be quite fond of my glass of wine several nights a week. Its how I would unwind from the crazy day of being the walking monkey bars for my 2 boys under 3.

    Is There Treatment For Renal Damage Caused By Lyme Disease

    Chronic kidney disease – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

    As mentioned above, the only treatment available for Lyme disease is antibiotics. Following this, lingering symptoms need to be treated separately and specifically for their severity. If kidney disease does develop because of Lyme disease infection, it will need to be treated separately but in conjunction with other symptoms and chronic ailments.

    To control the symptoms and slow further damage to the kidneys, doctors may prescribe medications for:

    • High blood pressure
    • Bone health
    • A low-protein diet

    These medications all play a critical role in the restoration of the renal system, but each one will be specific to a patients needs and their level of kidney damage. In the worst cases, kidney disease can progress to a dangerous level. This is called end-stage kidney disease. In this case, treatment will come in the form of dialysis or a kidney transplant. These more serious treatments are done only in the worst cases to avoid complete kidney failure.

    Image by on Pixabay: Can Lyme disease cause urinary retention? Yes, and it could lead to serious kidney disease if left untreated.

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    Diagnosing And Treating Your Dog

    Diagnosing your dog for Lyme disease requires the veterinarian to run an antibody test. This test takes a closer look at the bodys immunity. The response of the immune system is measurable by the test.

    The experts can see whether the antibody for Lyme disease is present for making a correct diagnosis. This will show that the dogs body has been fighting the disease. If the blood reports show a high volume of antibodies then your veterinarian can make a diagnosis. Once the experts confirm the presence of the infection, they will then start the treatment.

    Fortunately, the treatment of Lyme disease is straightforward and includes taking antibiotics and painkillers. Unfortunately, there is no vaccine available. Scientists continue to work on developing a vaccine to prevent Lyme disease.

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    What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Lyme Disease

    The disease can be divided into three stages according to the extent of the infection.

    Stage
    • Chronic Lyme arthritis in one or more large joints, mostly knee
    • Chronic neurological disorders such as:
    • Disorientation, confusion, dizziness, lack of concentration, short-term memory loss
    • Shooting pain, numbness extending to hands/arms and feet/legs.

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