How Can You Keep Ticks Away From Your Dog
There are many products, which have been created specifically for protecting dogs from ticks. From over-the-counter collars and ultrasonic devices, to prescription medications you must weigh all your options. All-natural remedies are also available. As a pet owner, you must choose what you feel will best protect your dog.
See more tick and Lyme disease questions and answers:
How Is Lyme Disease Different In Dogs Humans And Other Animals
Humans are much more likely to notice that they have been infected by Lyme disease in the initial stages due to the visibility of a rash on their bare skin. This means that the condition will be dealt with in its infancy, making it much easier to treat than when it is discovered in dogs, whose rash will have been obscured by their fur.
Whilst humans can take precautions to avoid being bitten by ticks carrying the bacteria , dogs are much more vulnerable, meaning that they will have to be checked for ticks on a regular basis.
How To Protect Your Property And Your Pets
On this last topic, Bloom commented that the majority of flea and tick control medicines on the market work fairly well. He, however, cautioned against using more than one of them in tandem.
“In my opinion, it would be overly cautious to use more than one,” he says. “In other words, I wouldn’t use both a collar and a topical prevention, or an oral prevention and a topical. I think that’s kind of too much poison for the dog.”
You can, however, combine one of the topical or oral preventatives with the Lyme vaccine. So there is a way you can further protect your pet from contracting the disease if you live in an area where deer are prevalent.
If you’re looking for an additional way to protect your yard, Bloom recommends having the perimeter sprayed by a pest control company.
Goldstein also recommended treating the perimeter of your property, but his recommendation came in the form of a physical barrier, rather than one of pesticides.
“If you’re up against woods in your yard, a barrier of wood chips of pebbles will prevent at least the ticks from going across,” explains Goldstein. “They can be carried across it by an animal, but at least they won’t cross a barrier like that.”
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Does My Dog Have Lyme Disease
An infected dog will normally have a rash develop around the site where they were originally bitten by the tick, which resulted in the bacteria from an infected animals blood being pushed through the skin on the parasites jaws. The dog may then start to lose some degree of coordination and may have difficulty moving around due to stiffness in its muscles and joints. Muscular pain is also not unusual, accompanied by a noticeable level of lethargy and general loss of interest in food. Fever-like symptoms may also be exhibited, though these will be sporadic and hard to predict. In some cases, the dog may even experience kidney failure, which can lead to organ damage and death. To diagnose the problem, the vet will usually perform a blood test, which will reveal the presence of the Lyme disease bacteria within the dogs body.
For more information on the condition and its characteristics, please consult our condition guide, Lyme Disease in Dogs .
Daily Monitoring For Ticks
As the bulk of Borrelia spp. infection is thought to be transmitted at least 24 hours after attachment, clients should be advised to check their pets every 24 hours and carefully remove any ticks found with a tick hook, using a simple âtwist and pullâ action. It is important that owners are instructed how to remove ticks without stressing them and without leaving the mouthparts in situ. Removal can also be performed with tweezers with a âstraight pullâ technique. They should be fine pointed and not blunt, as crushing will stress the tick, causing it to release stomach and salivary gland contents, increasing the risk of disease transmission. The application of petroleum jellies or burning will also increase this likelihood and are contraindicated.
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What Is The Treatment For Lyme Disease In Dogs
The most common Lyme disease in dogs treatment is a course of antibiotics to help your dog fight off the infection. Symptoms typically go away quickly when the dog responds well to antibiotics. Your vet may also give you further instructions to care for your dog as it recovers.
The standard antibiotic to treat Lyme disease in dogs is doxycycline at a dose of ten milligrams per kilogram. Your dog will have to take this medication orally every 24 hours for 30 days. Some dogs may need a longer course of antibiotics to fight off the infection.
If left untreated, Lyme disease in dogs can be fatal. While antibiotics help relieve symptoms, dogs may still feel some lingering effects of the infection. Some dogs may even experience chronic joint damage.
Can Dogs Get Lyme Disease If They Have Been Vaccinated
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One of the more insidious illnesses that people can get from parasites is the condition known as Lyme disease. The condition takes the form of a blood-borne bacterial infection that produces symptoms that gradually increase in their severity, causing the infected person a great deal of discomfort and annoyance. Lyme disease is almost always found in areas that have a large deer population combined with plenty of forest with substantial brush that the parasites can hide in. Whilst the condition is not usually lethal, the symptoms can be incredibly debilitating if the condition is left untreated.
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Can Dogs Fully Recover From Lyme Disease
With early diagnosis and treatment, a dog can indeed recover from Lyme disease. The prognosis is good if the pet is otherwise healthy and doesnt suffer from any chronic conditions, as would be the case of a geriatric patient, for example.
Puppies that get Lyme disease might have a reserved prognosis simply because their immune system hasnt yet developed enough to handle the aggression of the bacterium and its effects.
The vast majority of infected dogs recover their health in a matter of one to two months after being diagnosed and treated. You might have to continue giving your dog hip and joint chews for a while just to make sure that they are comfortable and their joint swelling symptoms are improved.
Increases In Tick Activity
Ticks in the UK demonstrate increased activity and questing behaviour for hosts in the spring and autumn, but real-time data from the Liverpool University SAVSNET scheme and the Public Health England Tick Surveillance Scheme have demonstrated that this increase in exposure now occurs in dogs throughout the summer months as well, with the potential to be exposed to tick bites at any time of year. It is uncertain what has driven this increase in activity, but it is likely that a milder, wetter climate, promotion of green spaces and corridors into urban areas and increasing numbers of deer and wildlife reservoirs are all factors.
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What To Expect At The Vets Office
If your pet has been diagnosed with uncomplicated Lyme disease, this is what you can expect to happen at your veterinarians office.
- Depending on the type of test used to screen for Lyme disease, a confirmatory test may be necessary.
- Urine protein screening — In general, only dogs who have symptoms of Lyme disease or protein in their urine should be treated with antibiotics.
- Dogs with protein in their urine should have regularly scheduled rechecks to monitor their condition.
Lyme Disease From Adult Ticks
Adult ticks will seek new hosts throughout the fall. Their peak activity between late October and early November.
Adults prefer taller vegetation. Theyre usually seen 3 off the ground on high grasses or leaves. Adults often use deer as hosts but theyre also happy with humans, dogs or horses.
Its believed that 50% of adult ticks carry Lyme disease in endemic areas of the Northeast.
While adult ticks can carry Lyme disease, theyre less likely to pass it on to their host.
This is because theyre larger and easier to detect within the first 24 to 36 hours.
Note: the timing of peak activity for each life stage of the tick may differ depending on the area you live. Check with local health departments for peak tick activity where you live.
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Many Questions About Tick
Pet owners are realizing more and more that proper tick protection is a must. Even when a dog lives in a low-risk area, he might still encounter a tick bite in his lifetime. This can happen when hiking, going to the beach, or just being outdoors, where there is grass and other vegetation. We know that dogs can contract Lyme disease. But can your dog catch Lyme disease from other dogs?
Symptoms Of Lyme Disease
Even though this is just an estimate, its said that just 5 to 10% of all dogs that become infected end up showing any symptoms at all. Most animals show the following clinical signs:
- A rash at the site where the bite occurred
- Generalized malaise or pain
In fact, most dogs end up at the veterinary hospital because theyre weak and lethargic and might refuse food or might not want to move around as much. Some dogs can start to limp, while others can experience lameness in one of their limbs.
This tick-borne disease can sometimes take up to a year to cause any clinical signs, which makes it extremely challenging to treat. During this time, the infection produces a variety of body changes, so dogs may develop kidney disease or other, more serious consequences such as neurologic manifestations or myocarditis.
If you see your dog showing any signs of Lyme disease, we strongly advise you to get in touch with your veterinarian as soon as possible. Time is of the essence, and the infection can be treated with antibiotics if your dog is diagnosed properly.
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How To Recognize The Lyme Disease In Dogs
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Lyme disease is a bacterial infection that is spread through the bite of an infected tick. The most common symptom of Lyme disease is a flu-like illness, but it can also cause joint pain, neurological problems, and heart problems. Lyme disease is treated with antibiotics, and early diagnosis and treatment are important for preventing serious complications. It is most common in the eastern United States, but it can also occur in other parts of the country. Lyme disease is caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi. It is transmitted to dogs via the bite of an infected black-legged tick. The ticks are most commonly found in wooded areas, but they can also be found on grassy fields.
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If your dog makes a regular habit out of eating any other type of poop, deer or otherwise, it is relatively safe to say they have at least a mild case of interspecific coprophagia. While this is pretty gross to humans, it is fairly normal in the canine world.
Lyme Disease Can Be Fatal.
Although it does not occur commonly in dogs, Lyme Disease Can cause kidney failure and death in severe cases.
The most common sign of Lyme disease in dogs is arthritis, which causes sudden lameness, pain ands sometimes swelling in one or more joints.
Lyme disease in dogs is curable, however, this may depend on each case and at what stage of the disease the dog receives treatment during.
In most cases, symptoms will begin to lessen after 3 days of treatment.
When treating Lyme disease, it’s important to know that this illness is not always curable.
Lyme disease in dogs is curable, however, this may depend on each case and at what stage of the disease the dog receives treatment during.
Lyme Disease Can Be Fatal.
Recovery of Lyme Disease in Dogs.
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Ticks And The Danger Of Lyme Disease For You And Your Dog
All dog walkers should be aware of the dangers of a serious bacterial infection called Lyme disease which is passed on by ticks to them and their dog.
Lyme disease can be a devastating disease, yet it can be easily treated if caught early.
Dogs, cats and humans can all get Lyme disease. Although its uncommon in cats and less serious in dogs, in humans it can be extremely serious, debilitating, life changing and in very rare cases can prove fatal.
Therefore, it is vital you know the signs to look out for and what to do, should you or your dog pick up a tick whilst out on a walk.
Yikes You Found A Tick On Your Dog How Can You Remove It
The biggest key here is to be verycareful and veryquick, Dr. Wooten advises. This is because your dog is most likely to contract Lyme disease from a tick thats been feeding for 12 hours. Here are some tips on how to do that:
- Protect your hands from potential bacteria and bites with a tissue or disposable gloves.
- Get a great set of tweezers dedicated exclusively to this purpose. Use these to remove any moving ticks you find immediately by pulling it straight up and off of your dog.
- If the tick isnt moving and is stuck on your dogs skin, get your tweezers as close to the skin as possible and pull it straight up and off of your pet. Be careful not to twist your tweezers, as this may rip off only part of the tick and leave its mouth on your pet and leave your dog at risk of infection.
- If necessary, ask someone to help restrain your dog while you remove the tick.
- Place the tick in rubbing alcohol or crush it. If you crush the tick, be sure not to get any of it on your skin.
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Lyme Affects Some Breeds Worse Than Others
There are a couple of notable exceptions to that rule: Labradors and golden retrievers.
There is a deadly manifestation of Lyme disease in dogs, called Lyme nephritis. It’s a fatal side effect that causes the animal’s kidney to fail, and researchers have a strong suspicion that labs and golden retrievers are predisposed. And because of this, both vets we spoke to agreed that any dogs of these two breeds who test positive for Lyme should be treated with Doxycycline immediately.
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People and their pets spend lots of time together, including in areas where disease-transmitting ticks may be lurking.
The incidence of Lyme disease in humans is on the rise, possibly due to increased media coverage in recent years.
The majority of people infected with Lyme disease develop a distinctive bullseye rash.
Some time since, or just prior to, the last test, your dog was bitten by a tick that harbored the Lyme bacteria, Borrelia burgdorferi.
According to a study at Cornell University, 94% of dogs that have been exposed will never develop disease symptoms.
This means a positive test is not the end of the world.
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How Is Lyme Disease In Dogs Diagnosed
Your veterinarian will assess your dogs symptoms, give them a physical, and typically also do bloodwork to determine their diagnosis. Bloodwork is necessary to confirm a Lyme diagnosis because many symptoms of Lyme disease can be mistaken for any number of other conditions.
Lyme disease in dogs is diagnosed through a blood test, Dr. Margit Muller, veterinarian and , tells Pumpkin. She further explains, This test detects the presence of antibodies to Borrelia burgdorferi, the bacteria strain that causes Lyme disease.
A combination of two blood tests is typically done: the C6 Test and the Quant C6 Test. The C6 Test detects antibodies, and is a preliminary blood test that can be run in most veterinary hospitals. If that test is positive, then a secondary test, the Quant C6 test, can be run to confirm infection and if treatment is needed. It takes a while for antibodies to show up in the blood after a dog is infected, so it is not recommended to test dogs earlier than four weeks after a tick bite.
Cofactors That Increase The Risk Of Lyme Disease
You now know that your dog is more likely to develop symptoms of Lyme disease if there is a coinfection.
But I bet you want to know what these underlying cofactors are.
This is where it gets weird
Dr Rau discovered that certain vaccines were cofactors for Lyme disease. And that includes the tick-borne meningoencephalitis vaccine.
Now, it isnt known whether the Lyme vaccine for dogs is a cofactor. And that is because they conducted the research on the human population.
But, I can tell you that the LYMERix human Lyme disease vaccine was only used for 18 months between 1998 and 2000. After that thye pulled off the market amidst reports of serious adverse events. And because the vaccine may have caused Lyme-like arthritis.
And they have not developed a new Lyme vaccine for humans since.
Did you catch that?
They pulled the human Lyme vaccine from the market because of safety concerns. Yet vaccination for Lyme disease is still recommended for your dogs.
Evidence is mounting that it could be this very vaccine that acts as a cofactor. That it allows Lyme to progress from flu-like symptoms into a debilitating disease.
Dr Rau explains the relationship in this short video:
Its time to stop fear
Other important cofactors for Lyme disease include:
- chronic inflammation
- other bacteria and fungi
- heavy metals and toxins
Dr Rau Dr Rau also found that all the patients in his study who reached Stage 3 had unbalanced fatty acid profiles.
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