Tip #1 Use Tick Preventative Products
Pyrethrins and Pyrethroids are two types of tick prevention medications that you can apply topically to your pet to prevent tick bites.
Some tick preventative medications can be toxic for certain kinds of pets, so discuss with your vet before using them, but most of the time they are harmless to big animals!
When applied to your pets coat, these preventatives poison ticks, mites and other types of insects, depending on the power level of the medication. Basically, when a tick lands on your pet, it will become weak and die before it can bite your pet and possibly transfer a tick-borne disease!
Tick preventatives are best for summer and spring when ticks are more likely to be prevalent and dangerous to your pooch, but since a tick can be active as long as the weather is above freezing temperatures, it might be a good idea to consider using them all year round.
How Much Does It Cost To Treat Lyme Disease In Dogs
Average Cost of Treatment
A 2-week dose of Doxycycline or Amoxicillin can cost about $400 in some areas. Blood tests typically cost around $80, depending mainly on the methods used. As a dog owner, you also have to pay the vet exam fee, which ranges from $40 to $50 and isnt covered by pet insurance.
Can A Dog Get Lyme On Nexgard All Answers
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An attached black-legged tick can transmit Borrelia burgdorferi, the bacteria that causes Lyme disease. The bacteria travels to different parts of a dogs body and can cause fever, lameness, joint swelling, lethargy, and, in rare cases, serious kidney damage. NexGard is FDA-approved to prevent Lyme infections.In the last few years, pills that are given orally have been developed for tick control. These oral medications like Nexgard and Bravecto are convenient but they do not prevent ticks from attaching to your dog.When a dog takes NexGard® , the active ingredient protects them by spreading throughout their system. When a tick bites, they get a tiny dose of that active ingredient, which is designed to quickly kill them.
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Does Your Dog Need A Lyme Vaccine
Reviewed for accuracy on May 8, 2019 by Dr. Jennifer Coates, DVM
There are two kinds of dog vaccinescore vaccinations and noncore.
Noncore, or lifestyle vaccines, may be recommended by a veterinarian based on your dogs individual lifestyle or health status.
One of these so-called noncore vaccinations is the Lyme vaccine for dogs.
Testing For Kidney Disease
Tests to diagnose kidney disease include complete blood count, serum biochemistry, and urinalysis. These blood tests will determine if your pet is anemic, determine white blood cell counts, measure blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, and electrolytes. A urinalysis is essential for the proper interpretation of the urea and creatinine values in the serum biochemistry profile and may also provide important clues to the possible underlying cause of kidney disease. A urinalysis will also determine the specific gravity, pH, presence of blood in the urine, and the amount of protein in the urine. An evaluation of the urine sediment will determine the presence of red blood cells, white blood cells, bacteria, crystalline material, and cellular casts all of which provide information to determine the underlying cause of kidney disease in your pet. Further diagnostic tests may be recommended based on the results of these initial screening tests.
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How Is Lyme Disease Diagnosed
Dogs with lameness, swollen joints, and fever are suspected of having Lyme disease. However, other diseases may also cause these symptoms. There are a few blood tests that may be used for confirmation. The first is an antibody test, that your veterinarian can perform in the clinic setting using a special test kit. This test detects the presence of antibodies created by exposure to the organism. A test can be falsely negative if the dog is infected, but has not yet formed antibodies, or if it never forms enough antibodies to cause a positive reaction. It is recommended to test no earlier than 4 weeks after a tick bite. Some dogs that have been infected for long periods of time may no longer have enough antibodies present to be detected by the test. Therefore, a positive test is meaningful, but a negative is not. A follow up test called a QC6 test can be done to assess the numerical antibody level as confirmation.
Other tests including PCR , ELISA , joint fluid analysis, and culture can also be done with varying degrees of sensitivity, but are done less commonly. General blood and urine tests are also often done to assess kidney function and look for loss of protein in the urine. See handout Testing for Lyme Disease in Dogs for further information.
Flea And Tick Update And Prevention Recommendations
This is the season for fleas and ticks to come calling. To prevent them from bothering your pet, we recommend a few effective products.
Fleas are attracted to motion and can hitch a ride into the home by a dog, cat, or a human. Even indoor cats frequently contract a growing number of fleas from one flea that is accidently brought in the home by a human family member.
One flea will lay 40 eggs daily. Fleas can bite dogs, cats and humans and even minor exposure can cause dramatic allergies with severe skin itching.
Your pets can contract tapeworms when they accidentally ingest a flea while grooming themselves or chewing an itchy area. Due to our mild climate, year-round flea prevention is recommended. It is important not to let fleas get established in your house.Ticks can also infest a home and one engorged tick can release 7,000 eggs. Tick populations are increasing nationwide. Many serious diseases have been discovered that can be transmitted to pets and people including Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, Tick Paralysis, Babesiosis, Borrelia, Anaplasmosis, Ehrlichiosis, Colorado Tick Fever, Powassan disease, Rickettiosis, Southern Tick Associated Rash Illness, Tickborne Relapsing Fever, Tularemia, Lyme disease and Bartonella.
Some of these diseases in a human are challenging to diagnose and can be a challenge to treat or resistant to treatment.
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Otc Vs Prescription Flea And Tick Medicine
So, what constitutes good tick control? A product recommended by your vet, says Dr. Mengel, who also practices at the University of Pennsylvanias M. J. Ryan Veterinary Hospital.
Many flea and tick preventatives require a prescription, so vets can make sure your dog is getting the right medication and dosage, she adds.
While some over-the-counter dog flea and tick treatment products work well, tell your pets providers what you use so they can ensure it is an appropriate choice.
No matter what type of preventative flea and tick medicine for dogs you choose, whats very important is that it is used year-round when Lyme disease is a concern.
Deer ticks can remain active through the winter months, so it very important to keep your pet protected all year.
Also, dont be surprised if you still see a tick on your furry friend even with protection. Some products cant repel every single tick but still do kill the bugs before they have a chance to infect your dog.
If, however, you are finding significant numbers of live, attached ticks on your dog, talk to your veterinarian about more aggressive tick control methods.
Ability Of An Oral Formulation Of Afoxolaner To Protect Dogs From Borrelia Burgdorferi Infection Transmitted By Wild Ixodes Scapularis Ticks
Dogs were each infested with 50 wild-caught Ixodes scapularis ticks.
PCR showed that 67% of the Ixodes scapularis ticks carried Borrelia burgdorferi.
28 Days after treatment of 10 dogs, NexGard killed Ixodes ticks before they could transmit Borrelia.
The wild-caught Ixodes ticks transmitted Borrelia to 9 of the 10 control dogs.
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The Best Treatment For Your Dog
Now the best product to use for any individual dog really depends on the local risk of parasites and the diseases that they can potentially carry, which are present in some areas but not others.
If youre wondering about ticks in particular, for a rundown of ticks, especially in relation to Lyme disease, then be sure to check out my post giving a complete rundown on preventing Lyme disease in dogs.
The bottom line is that Nexgard, Brevecto, Simparica they are very effective drugs. They do a very good job of both preventing flea infestations, treating flea infestations and killing ticks. They do a much better job than the vast majority of other tick products out there and although there is a risk of developing tremors and even seizures the risk is very, very, very low. Its something like less than 1 in 10,000 dogs will experience this, and its likely to be much lower.
So while we need to bear all of these things in mind and if your dog is epileptic, we should definitely be cautious but we dont want to over exaggerate the risks when there are potential benefits, and when were using them to prevent diseases like Lyme disease, which are potentially fatal.
The above is a transcript taken from The Dr Alex Answers Show.
If you would like me to answer any question you have about your pets health, simply fill in this form and Ill try and get you the information that you need. Its that simple!
Can Ticks Lay Eggs On Dogs
The female dog tick lays 4,000 to 6,500 eggs and then dies. As an animal passes by, the tick will crawl onto it and soon start feeding. The males remain on the host for an indefinite period of time alternately feeding and mating. The females feed, mate, become engorged, and then drop off the animal to lay their eggs.
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Which Dog Vaccines Are Absolutely Necessary
Essential Vaccinations for Your Dog
- Distemper, Hepatitis, Parainfluenza and Parvovirus . Commonly called the distemper shot, this combination vaccine actually protects against the four diseases in its full name.
- Rabies. Rabies virus is fatal and all mammals, including humans, are susceptible to infection.
Can My Dog Get Lyme Disease If Vaccinated
Lyme disease vaccines do not cause Lyme disease, and they do not prevent disease development in dogs already infected. It is important to know that both types of vaccines are only about 80% effective in preventing Lyme disease. In other words, about 20% of vaccinated dogs can still become infected with Lyme disease.
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How Is Lyme Disease Treated
Because the Lyme spirochete is a bacterium, it can be treated with antibiotics. The antibiotic of choice is doxycycline, followed by amoxicillin, then azithromycin. Treatment lasts for 4 weeks. Occasionally, the initial infection will recur, or the pet will become re-infected by being bitten by another infected tick.
Whats The Best Way To Remove A Tick
Theres a nifty 2-pronged tool for the job that we can give you.
1) Pick the large or small one depending on the size of the tick.
2) Engage the tick between the prongs of the tool approaching it from the side.
3) Gently lift & turn until the tick releases its hold.
4) Disinfect the bite site and wash your hands.
Heres a video showing how its done using the tick tool shown above:
Alternatively, grasp the tick close to the skin with tweezers and gently but firmly lift upward. The goal is to remove the tick with its mouth parts intact. DO NOT put oils, Vaseline, or other concoctions on the tick .
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Drawbacks Of Nexgard Chewables
The largest drawback of this product is that a tick or flea needs to bite your dog to be affected by the medication. That means that your dog could end up with skin irritations from the flea or tick bites that could lead to possible hot spots. There are many flea and tick protection choices available that dont require your dog to be bitten before it actually kills the tick.
You can read the Scalibor Collar Review here. This protection kills ticks just by having contact with your dog. It doesnt kill the infection that causes Lyme disease though like Nexgard does, but there are less chances of your dog bringing ticks into your home with the Scalibor Collar.
Another drawback, but a very small drawback, this is available as a prescription medicine only. You will need to either purchase directly from your veterinarian or get a prescription from your veterinarian and purchase from an online pet store with your prescription.
Tip #2 Give Your Pet A Lyme Disease Vaccination
Because Lyme disease is one of the most common, serious disease in dogs, pet vaccinations are available to protect against it.
For dogs who spend a lot of time outside, a vaccination is often the best option for prevention of the disease.
The vaccinations sometimes require a booster shot within two to four weeks after the vaccination is first administered in order for it to be effective.
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Do Dead Ticks Fall Off Dogs
The product doesnt repel ticks, so ticks can still attach but once dead they will normally drop off, or can be easily removed. The longer a tick feeds, the greater the chance of it passing on disease and around one in every three ticks is thought to carry an infectious disease that can affect dogs.
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What Are The Clinical Signs Of Lyme Disease
Some people with Lyme disease develop a characteristic bull’s-eye rash at the site of the bite within three to thirty days. If this occurs, the disease can be easily diagnosed at an early stage.
However, signs of Lyme disease are more difficult to detect in animals than in people. The characteristic rash does not develop in dogs or cats. In fact, Lyme disease is practically unheard of in cats.
“Affected dogs have been described as if they were walking on eggshells.”
Many dogs affected with Lyme disease are taken to a veterinarian because they seem to be experiencing generalized pain and have stopped eating. Affected dogs have been described as if they were walking on eggshells. Often these pets have high fevers. Dogs may also begin limping. This painful lameness often appears suddenly and may shift from one leg to another. If untreated, it may eventually disappear, only to recur weeks or months later.
Some pets are infected with the Lyme disease organism for over a year before they finally show symptoms. By this time, the disease may be widespread throughout the body. Non-specific signs which may indicate that Lyme disease is affecting the kidneys include vomiting, lethargy, anorexia , and weight loss. The kidney form of the disease is less common, but often fatal.
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Do Ticks Live In Mowed Grass
When lawns are nearby, ticks move into mowed areas, too. But more than 80% stay in the lawns outer 9 feet. Low-lying ground covers and low-hanging shrubs in gardens or foundation plantings are also prime spots for ticks. Ticks typically move onto humans or animals that brush against grasses or weeds when passing by.
Understand Your Flea And Tick Repellents
Most people do not understand that their monthly flea and tick repellent, whether it be orally taken or dropped on the dogs back, does nothing to repel ticks. It will kill the tick after it has bitten your dog, and only reduces the chance your dog will get Lyme disease.
The best way to prevent Lyme disease and tick bites on dogs is to have your dog vaccinated as well as use a monthly flea and tick repellent. The vaccine will protect your dog against the disease itself, but it requires a yearly booster.
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Lyme Sci: Found A Tick On Your Dog What You Need To Know
As much as we love our furry friends, we all have to face one factowning a pet increases our exposure to tick bites. Mostly because our pets roam outside, then allow ticks to hitchhike back inside where we live.
One recent study demonstrated that when compared to households without pets, pet-owning households had nearly twice the risk of finding ticks crawling on them. Yikes!
I recently took my daughters dog in to our veterinarian, Timothy Bell, DVM, for a well check-up. I used the opportunity to ask a few questions.
Dr. Bells philosophy is pretty straight forward:
My vet personally uses NexGard on his dogs. Although Dr. Bell says, NexGard doesnt actually protect your dog from all tick-borne diseases. The tick has to bite the dog before the active ingredients will kill the tick. Unfortunately, as we all know, some pathogens are transmitted within just a few hours.
Dogs That Stay Mostly Indoors Can Get Ticks And Lyme Disease
Dont brush off flea and tick prevention just because your dog sticks around the house, either. Many of us have diagnosed clinical infection of Lyme disease in dogs that only go outside to potty and spend the rest of the time indoors. Ticks can hitch a ride into the house on humans and other pets, says Dr. Mengel.
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