Wednesday, October 5, 2022

How To Manage Lyme Disease

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Is There A Cure Or A Drug Prescribed For People Who Have Not Had Lyme Disease But Are Suffering From The Lymerix Vaccination

Lyme Disease Prophylaxis After Tick Bite

The issue of adverse events from the LYMErix vaccine has been under active investigation. If you are suffering from neuropathic pains or arthritic problems after the vaccine, you might consider contacting the Lyme Disease Association for a referral to a physician with a particular clinical and research interest in this question.

What Is The Treatment For Lyme Disease

The first-line standard of care treatment for adults with Lyme disease is doxycycline, a tetracycline antibiotic. Other antibiotics that have activity against borrelia include the penicillin-like antibiotic, amoxicillin, and the second generation cephalosporin, Ceftin. The mainstay of treatment is with oral antibiotics, but intravenous antibiotics are sometimes indicated for more difficult to treat cases of neurologic-Lyme disease, such as meningitis, and cases of late Lyme arthritis.

Has Niaid Looked At Whether Infection Persists After Antibiotic Therapy

Several recent studies suggest that B. burgdorferi may persist in animals after antibiotic therapy. In one study, NIAID-supported scientists found that remnants of B. burgdorferi remained in mice after antibiotic treatment. Another team of NIAID-supported investigators found that intact B. burgdorferi persist in nonhuman primates after antibiotic treatment. It was not possible to culture these bacteria and it is not clear whether they are infectious. More recent work by Hodzic et al. replicated the earlier finding of persisting DNA but non-cultivatable B. burgdorferi after antibiotic treatment using a mouse model. In 2017, scientists at the Tulane National Primate Research Centers, funded in part by an NIH research resources grant, reported evidence of persistent and metabolically active B. burgdorferi after antibiotic treatment in rhesus macaques.

In a first-of-its-kind study for Lyme disease, NIAID-supported researchers have used live, disease-free ticks to see if Lyme disease bacteria can be detected in people who continue to experience symptoms such as fatigue or arthritis after completing antibiotic therapy). This study remains underway.

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What Blacklegged Ticks Look Like

Blacklegged ticks are small and hard to see. They attach themselves to humans and animals and feed on their blood. They can range in size depending on how long they have been feeding.

You can find out if its a blacklegged tick by:

Adult female blacklegged tick at various stages of feeding. Photo: Government of Canada

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You will likely develop Lyme disease if bitten by a deer tick infected with the Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria. The disease symptoms can interfere with how you function at work, home, and everywhere else. Lyme disease affects your physical and psychological health.

It is crucial to know how to manage Lyme disease symptoms best.

Lyme disease develops in three stages. With each stage, you can experience different symptoms, all of which need to be managed correctly.

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What Is Chronic Lyme Disease

Lyme disease is an infection caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi. In the majority of cases, it is successfully treated with oral antibiotics. In some patients, symptoms, such as fatigue, pain and joint and muscle aches, persist even after treatment, a condition termed Post Treatment Lyme Disease Syndrome .

The term chronic Lyme disease has been used to describe people with different illnesses. While the term is sometimes used to describe illness in patients with Lyme disease, it has also been used to describe symptoms in people who have no clinical or diagnostic evidence of a current or past infection with B. burgdorferi . Because of the confusion in how the term CLD is employed, and the lack of a clearly defined clinical definition, many experts in this field do not support its use.

What Are The Risk Factors For Post Treatment Lyme Disease

Risk factors for Post Treatment Lyme Disease include:

  • Delay in diagnosis
  • Increased severity of initial illness
  • Presence of neurologic symptoms

Increased severity of initial illness, the presence of neurologic symptoms, and initial misdiagnosis increase the risk of Post Treatment Lyme Disease. PTLD is especially common in people that have had neurologic involvement. The rates of Post Treatment Lyme Disease after neurologic involvement may be as high as 20% or even higher. Other risk factors being investigated are genetic predispositions and immunologic variables.

In addition to Borrelia burgdorferi, the bacteria that causes Lyme disease, there are several other tick-borne co-infections that may also contribute to more prolonged and complicated illness.

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How To Avoid Tick Bites

To reduce the chance of being bitten:

  • cover your skin while walking outdoors and tuck your trousers into your socks
  • use insect repellent on your clothes and skin products containing DEET are best
  • stay on clear paths whenever possible
  • wear light-coloured clothing so ticks are easier to see and brush off

How To Remove A Tick

Do you know the signs of Lyme disease?

Removing a tick is the same for humans and animals. Its important you do not crush or damage the tick because it could cause Lyme bacteria to pass from the tick into your bloodstream.

  • Use fine-tipped tweezers and grasp the tick as close to your skin as possible.
  • Do not use a lit match or cigarette, nail polish or nail polish remover, petroleum jelly , liquid soap or kerosene to remove the tick.
  • Pull the tick straight out, gently but firmly.
  • Do not jerk or twist the tweezers while pulling the tick out.
  • Do not squeeze the tick you might crush it.
  • How to remove a tick.

  • Once you have removed a tick, wash your skin with soap and water and then disinfect your skin and your hands with rubbing alcohol or an iodine swab.
  • Before disposing of the tick, call or check the website of your local public health unit to get advice on how to identify the tick. You can also submit a photo of the tick to etick.ca for identification.
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    Possible Complications To Watch For With Lyme Disease

    Talk to your veterinarian if you have any questions or concerns about your dogs condition.

    • Some dogs who take antibiotics can develop loss of appetite, vomiting and diarrhea.
    • Once infected, a dog will always have the bacteria that cause Lyme disease in his or her body. Therefore, relapses are possible, and owners should be on the lookout for unexplained fever, swollen lymph nodes, and/or lameness.
    • A small percentage of dogs develop kidney failure as a result of Lyme disease. Clinical signs include vomiting, weight loss, poor appetite, lethargy, increased thirst and urination, and abnormal accumulations of fluid within the body.

    How To Prevent Post

    While you may not be able to prevent post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome, you can take precautions to prevent coming into direct contact with infected ticks. The following practices can reduce your likelihood of getting Lyme disease and developing persistent symptoms.

    If a tick bites you, contact your doctor. You should be observed for 30 days for signs of Lyme disease. You should also learn the signs of early Lyme disease and seek prompt treatment if you think youre infected. Early antibiotic intervention may reduce your risk of developing chronic symptoms.

    The signs of early Lyme disease can occur from 3 to 30 days after a bite from an infected tick. Look for:

    • a red, expanding bulls-eye rash at the site of the tick bite

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    Keeping Track Of Flare

    • Triggers
    • Symptoms

    Having this information on hand will help you identify patterns and learn what works for you specifically to manage Lyme disease.

    Lyme disease is still not very well understood. Because of that, finding a healthcare provider who is Lyme literate, or who specializes in treating Lyme disease, is very important. These practitioners have the most up-to-date research and information, and they understand the ways in which Lyme disease can manifest.

    You can find these healthcare providers through Lyme disease organizations, or by asking people in support groups or others with Lyme disease.

    Natural Forms Of Treatment For Lyme Disease

    Remove a Tick Image

    Aside from taking antibiotics, there are also natural ways to treat Lyme disease. These remedies are easy to do and can be very effective when followed correctly. Consider these natural forms of treatment:

    • Eat healthy foods to improve the functions of the immune system. One of the best ways to overcome Lyme disease, especially the chronic kind, is to give the immune system a boost. This will help lower the inflammation and control the root cause of the diseases symptoms. Once a person is able to control the inflammatory responses that the disease is triggering, only then will his body be able to overcome the disease.

    Basically, people with Lyme disease or any other type of inflammatory condition should try to eliminate fruits, sugar, and grains from their diet while also consuming a lot of anti-inflammatory foods. These include bone broth, seeds, nuts, vegetables, coconut, raw cultured dairy, and organic meat.

    There are some types of foods which can naturally give the immune system a boost. Foods which are rich in antioxidants are very beneficial to the immune system. Such foods include leafy greens and other vegetables with bright colors. These kinds of vegetables can help reduce inflammation as well as free-radical damages. They can also lower the risk for nutrient deficiencies and help protect the body from the complications of Lyme disease.

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    When Should You See A Doctor If You Think You Have Lyme

    The rash is a pretty good indication that you may have been bitten. Take a photo of the rash and see your doctor. At this stage, treatment with antibiotics will probably work.

    If you don’t have the rash but have symptoms like fatigue, fever, and headache but no respiratory symptoms like a cough, you may want to talk to your doctor.

    Ongoing Symptoms Of Lyme Disease

    A few people who are diagnosed and treated for Lyme disease continue to have symptoms, like tiredness, aches and loss of energy, that can last for years.

    These symptoms are often compared to fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome.

    It’s not clear why this happens to some people and not others. This means there’s also no agreed treatment.

    Speak to a doctor if your symptoms come back, or do not improve, after treatment with antibiotics.

    The doctor may be able to offer you further support if needed, such as:

    • referral for a care needs assessment
    • telling your employer, school or higher education institution that you require a gradual return to activities
    • communicating with children and families’ social care

    Page last reviewed: 05 July 2021 Next review due: 05 July 2024

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    Late Persistent Lyme Disease

    Late persistent Lyme disease usually occurs in those who did not receive early treatment. Its the most severe stage and can occur months to years following the initial infection. Damage to the joints, nerves, and brain is possible if not treated.

    Muscle and joint pain is the most common complaint of those in late-stage Lyme disease, affecting 80% of untreated people. Lyme arthritis, which occurs in 50% of cases, can cause swelling and pain, usually in one knee, but can be present in both knees or other large joints.

    Various neurological symptoms can occur depending on the area of the nervous system affected. Some symptoms may be similar to stage 2 but can be more extensive, severe, or longer-lasting. If the infection has traveled to the brain, you may experience:

    • Difficulty following conversations and processing information
    • Mental fogginess
    • Trouble sleeping
    • Vertigo or dizziness

    Oral antibiotics are typically used for Lyme arthritis, while intravenous antibiotics treat neurologic issues. The length of therapy can be two to four weeks, depending on the symptoms.

    What Is Lyme Disease

    Treating Lyme disease symptoms with cannabis

    Lyme disease is caused by a bacteria, Borrelia burgdorferi. The disease was first recognized in 1975 when large numbers of children were diagnosed with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis in Lyme, Connecticut, and two neighboring towns. Further research showed that bites from deer ticks infected with the bacterium were responsible for the outbreak of arthritis. Ordinary “wood ticks” and “dog ticks” do not carry the infection.

    In the U.S., the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates there are about 300,000 cases per year, even though the number reported is much lower.

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    Revelation For My Heart

    For the first time, I realized that I didnt want to need God. I didnt feel safe I wanted to do everything by myself so that I wouldnt feel vulnerable. As a result, I was dying. My independent nature was nothing more than a defense mechanism to manage the fear I lived with.

    I told God at that moment, you are trustworthy, and Im broken, but I have no idea how to do any better. I didnt even know where to start. That is where Gods mercy and grace met me. He saw my heart and my choice to recover myself from the snare of fear, and He honored me accordingly.

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    Symptoms Of Lyme Disease

    People with Lyme disease may react to it differently. Symptoms can vary in severity.

    Although Lyme disease is commonly divided into three stages early localized, early disseminated, and late disseminated symptoms can overlap. Some people will also present in a later stage of disease without having symptoms of earlier disease.

    These are some of the more common symptoms of Lyme disease:

    • a flat, circular rash that looks like a red oval or bulls-eye anywhere on your body

    These symptoms may occur soon after the infection, or months or years later.

    You may also notice some psychological symptoms in your child. According to a , some parents reported the following psychological issues in their child with Lyme disease:

    • anger or aggression
    • depression
    • nightmares

    If your child seems to be acting differently and cant explain why or what theyre feeling, its important to talk with their doctor, as these changes could be a sign of many conditions, including Lyme disease.

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    Treatment Of Lyme Disease

    Early diagnosis and proper antibiotic treatment of Lyme disease is important and can help prevent late Lyme disease. The following treatment regimens reflect CDCs interpretation of the most current data for four important manifestations of Lyme disease. These regimens are consistent with guidanceexternal icon published by the by the Infectious Disease Society of America, American Academy of Neurology, and American College of Rheumatology.

    Some patients report persistent symptoms of pain, fatigue, or difficulty thinking even after treatment for Lyme disease. The state of the science relating to persistent symptoms associated with Lyme disease is limited, emerging, and unsettled.

    Additional researchexternal icon is needed to better understand how to treat, manage, and support people with persistent symptoms associated with Lyme disease. In light of these research gaps, recommendations for treatment of persistent symptoms in people previously treated for Lyme disease are not provided here.

    If you are interested in information on chronic Lyme diseaseexternal icon, see NIHs website.

    Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website.

    Potential Treatment For Lyme Disease Kills Bacteria That May Cause Lingering Symptoms Study Finds

    Frontiers

    Screening thousands of drugs, Stanford scientists determined that in mice, azlocillin, an antibiotic approved by the Food and Drug Administration, eliminated the bacteria that causes Lyme disease.

    Deer ticks are vectors of Borrelia burgdorferi, the bacteria that causes Lyme disease.Scott Bauer/USDA Agricultural Research Service

    For decades, the routine treatment for Lyme disease has been standard antibiotics, which usually kill off the infection. But for up to 20% of people with the tick-borne illness, the antibiotics dont work, and lingering symptoms of muscle pain, fatigue and cognitive impairment can continue for years sometimes indefinitely.

    A new Stanford Medicine study in lab dishes and mice provides evidence that the drug azlocillin completely kills off the disease-causing bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi at the onset of the illness. The study suggests it could also be effective for treating patients infected with drug-tolerant bacteria that may cause lingering symptoms.

    This compound is just amazing, said Jayakumar Rajadas, PhD, assistant professor of medicine and director of the Biomaterials and Advanced Drug Delivery Laboratory at the Stanford School of Medicine. It clears the infection without a lot of side effects. We are hoping to repurpose it as an oral treatment for Lyme disease. Rajadas is the senior author of the study, which was published online March 2 in Scientific Reports. The lead author is research associate Venkata Raveendra Pothineni, PhD.

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    Late Disseminated Lyme Disease

    In the late disseminated stages of Lyme disease, symptoms become chronic and affect neurological functioning through ailments like encephalitis, encephalopathy, and polyneuropathy. Swelling in pain in your joints becomes severe. Rheumatoid arthritis may appear. The knees seem to be the most affected by swelling and pain.

    Months to years after being infected with Lyme disease and going untreated, you may have the following additional symptoms: Intermittent fevers, chills, and sweats, chronic inflammation, numbness and tingling in the limbs, dizziness, and shortness of breath, tremors, respiratory infections, irregular heartbeat, anxiety and paranoia, rage, hallucinations, hearing sensitivity, and increased pain in the joints.

    Managing your symptoms can become difficult the more chronic the disease.

    Early Disseminated Lyme Disease

    After a month or two, symptoms of Lyme disease can progress into the early disseminated stage. This happens because the bacteria are multiplying inside your bloodstream and spreading to other parts of your body. Dont stop looking out for a bullseye rash. It may still appear.

    Other symptoms may include Bells palsy, paralysis, or muscle weakness on one or both sides of the face. In addition, you can experience meningitis, which is inflammation of the spinal cord, neck stiffness, severe headaches or fever, muscle pain or numbness in the arms or legs, pain or swelling in the knees, shoulders, elbows, and other large joints. Heart complications like palpitations and dizziness can also appear in this stage.

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